Dental Mcqs Final Test With Answer

Dental Mcqs Final Test With Answer 2024-25

Final Test 2023-24 (Zachot)

 

Note : May be Some Question not match your Test . Any type of Mistake you Responsible.

 

Final Test 2023-24 (Zachot)

 

The clinical signs of acute odontogenic jaw osteomyelitis are

  1. chills, fever up to 400C, Vincent’s symptom, tooth mobility
  2. sharp pulsating pain in the tooth, headache, positive symptom load
  3. mobility of all teeth on the jaw
  4. toothache, malaise, fistulas on the skin

 

To necrotize the pulp as a stage of treatment of pulpitis dentist can use

  1. campo rota
  2. camphor
  3. arsenic paste
  4. iodine

 

Risk factors for the development of traumatic osteomyelitis are (select several correct answers)

  1. acute lymphadenitis
  2. age of the patient
  3. the strength and direction of the damaging factor
  4. injury with a poorly made prosthesis
  5. unsatisfactory reposition and immobilization of fragments
  6. The tooth or root of the tooth in the fracture line

 

Orthopedic methods for final immobilization of mandibular fractures

  1. overlaying of jaw splints and intermaxillary rubber traction
  2. the apparatus Sbarge
  3. osteosynthesis
  4. maxillary ligature tying

 

The nature of the displacement of fragments in fractures of the lower jaw is decisive

  1. the weight of the fragments due to their size
  2. the direction of traction of the muscles attached to the fragments of the jaw
  3. the force of the blow

 

First aid for dental caries

  1. dental preparation and filling
  2. removing food residues and a tampon with an anesthetic
  3. prescription of analgesics
  4. removing food residues and rinsing

 

The most typical clinical sign of periostitis is

  1. bulging of sublingual rollers
  2. mobility of all teeth
  3. hyperemia and edema of the muco-gingival junction
  4. difficulty opening the mouth
  5. facial asymmetry

 

Asphyxia by displaced organs of the oral cavity (tongue) when they are damaged

  1. valvular
  2. dislocative
  3. aspirative
  4. obturative
  5. stenotic

 

To prevent dislocative asphyxia, the tongue is stitched

  1. on the border of the front and middle third
  2. in the front third
  3. in the middle line
  4. at the root

 

The intensity of care for periostitis on the first day of the visit

  1. enter intramuscularly respiratory analeptics
  2. drainage of the suppurative focus
  3. make a novocaine blockade
  4. prescribe physical therapy
  5. start acupuncture

 

Transport immobilization of jaw fragments is performed

  1. notched tires and fast-hardening plastics
  2. stiff jaw sling with a supporting headband
  3. wire notched tires
  4. tape notched tires

 

The accumulation of microorganisms, polysaccharides, proteins and lipids fixed on the enamel surface is

  1. food plaque
  2. tooth pellicle
  3. solid dental deposits
  4. microbial plaque
  5. the cuticle of the tooth

 

The main cause of periodontitis is

  1. bad habits
  2. infection coming from an inflamed pulp
  3. allergic reaction
  4. sudden impact

 

Therapeutic measure for dislocative asphyxia is

  1. introduction of the air duct
  2. the stretching and fixing of the tongue
  3. tracheotomy
  4. removal of a foreign body

 

For abscesses and phlegmons, the main therapeutic measure is

  1. drainage of the suppurative focus
  2. treatment with sulfonamides
  3. the removal of a tooth
  4. treatment with antibiotics

 

The clinical picture of acute odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaw is as follows

  1. chills, fever up to 400C, Vincent’s symptom, tooth mobility
  2. in pain in the teethe malaise, fistulas on the skin
  3. in sharp pulsating pain in the tooth, headache, positive symptom load
  4. the mobility of all teeth in the jaw

 

The presence of a fistula characterized exacerbation of chronic

  1. granulomatous periodontitis
  2. fibrous periodontitis
  3. gangrenous pulpitis
  4. granulating periodontitis

 

Asphyxia by foreign body is called

  1. dislocative
  2. valvular
  3. stenotic
  4. aspirative
  5. obturative

The main method of treatment for lower lip and oral mucosa spread cancer is

  1. radiation therapy
  2. surgical
  3. combined method
  4. electrocoagulation of the tumor
  5. chemotherapy

 

Early symptoms of malignant tumors of the jaws are

  1. dry mouth, paroxysmal acute pain, difficulty swallowing
  2. teeth mobility, periodic pain. symptom Vincent. thickening of the jaw
  3. hypersalivation, chills, both-sides jaw swelling

 

inf methods of final immobilization of mandibular fractures

  1. osteosynthesis
  2. the apparatus Sbarge
  3. overlaying of jaw splints and intermaxillary rubber traction
  4. inter-maxillary ligature binding

 

Spread of dental caries is expressed

  1. as a percentage
  2. in relative units
  3. in absolute units

 

Osteoma on the x-ray shows up as

  1. an area of osteoporosis
  2. an area of high density without clear contours
  3. an area of high density with clear contours
  4. a reduce of bone density

 

Sequence of stages of maxillofacial wounds surgical debridement

  1. first the bone wound is treated
  2. first, the soft tissue wound is treated

 

If it is impossible to create an outflow of exudate from the periodontium through the root canal in the case of acute purulent periodontitis doctor should

  1. prescribe massive doses of antibiotics
  2. do physiotherapy
  3. do periosteotomy
  4. remove the tooth

 

Difference of the facial injuries from another areas injuries

  1. the timing of epithelization of the wound
  2. the course of the wound process
  3. rapid development of complications
  4. discrepancy between the appearance of the wound and the actual condition of the injured person

 

The stage of malignant neoplasm is established on the basis of clinical signs

  1. complaints of the patient, the size of the tumor
  2. the size of the tumor, the presence of nearby metastases
  3. the size of the tumor
  4. patient complaints
  5. the size of the tumor the presence of distant and nearby metastases

 

The presence of a feeling of “grown tooth” is typical for

  1. chronic pulpitis
  2. acute pulpitis
  3. gum disease
  4. acute periodontitis
  5. chronic periodontitis

 

If it is impossible to create an outflow of exudate from the periodontium through the root canal in the case of acute purulent periodontitis doctor should

  1. do periosteotomy
  2. do physiotherapy
  3. remove the tooth
  4. prescribe massive doses of antibiotics

 

The immediate complications of maxillofacial area injury are (select several correct answers)

  1. facial nerve paresis
  2. bleeding
  3. periodontitis of damaged teeth
  4. pneumonia
  5. shock
  6. asphyxia

 

Characteristic signs for a cancerous ulcer on the lower lip and the oral mucosa are

  1. the absence of pain, grease the bottom with a yellowish scales
  2. moderate soreness. inverted, raised edges, necrotic tissue at the bottom
  3. sharp soreness, thinned edges, glassy granulations on the bottom
  4. moderate pain, the edges are swollen, brightly hyperemic, at the bottom – purulent-fibrinous plaque

 

Demineralization of enamel occurs as a result of

  1. actions of mineral acids
  2. chronic trauma to the tooth
  3. actions of organic acids
  4. actions of alkalis
  5. actions of cold and hot food

 

The main cause of periodontitis is

  1. sudden impact
  2. allergic reaction
  3. infection
  4. bad habits

 

Prevention of aspirative asphyxia

  1. tracheotomy
  2. sanation of the oral cavity. giving the injured person a position that provides free breathing
  3. in the introduction of the air duct
  4. the removal of a foreign body
  5. in restoring the anatomical position of the organ

 

Causes of follicular cysts is

  1. violation of the development of the rudiment of the tooth
  2. transferred osteomyelitis of the jaw
  3. trauma to the jaw
  4. complication of chronic periodontitis

 

The tooth brush removes from the tooth surface

  1. soft plaque
  2. supragingival tartar
  3. smokers RAID
  4. pellicle

 

The main etiological factors in the development of malignant tumors of the oral mucosa are: (select several correct answers)

  1. diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
  2. prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane by mechanical, chemical. and temperature factors
  3. hypersalivation
  4. precancerous diseases
  5. partial tooth loss
  6. massive dental deposits

 

The main method of treatment of fibromas and papillomas of the oral and maxillofacial region is

  1. excision on the boarder of tumor and healthy tissues
  2. radiation therapy
  3. chemotherapy
  4. cauterization

 

Features of surgical debridement of maxillofacial wounds

  1. economical excision of tissues in the wound area, suturing, using primary plastic surgery, wound sheathing (suturing the mucous membrane to the skin)
  2. excision of necrotically altered tissues, removal of blood clots, drainage of the wound
  3. antiseptic treatment. excision of necrotically altered tissues, tight plugging of the wound
  4. antiseptic treatment, sutures and bandages
  5. stopping bleeding, antiseptic treatment, sutures and bandages

 

Early symptoms of malignant tumors of the jaws are

  1. tooth mobility, intermittent aching pain symptom Vincent, thickening of the jaw
  2. hypersalivation, chills, both-sides infiltration of the jaw
  3. dry mouth, paroxysmal acute pain, difficulty swallowing

 

The main method of treatment for common cancer of the lower lip and oral mucosa is

  1. chemotherapy
  2. radiation therapy
  3. surgical
  4. combined method
  5. electrocoagulation of the tumor

 

The intensity of care for periostitis on the first day of the visit

  1. drainage of the suppurative focus
  2. prescribe physiotherapy treatment
  3. novocaine blockade
  4. acupuncture
  5. to enter intramuscular respiratory analeptics

 

The system of active dental care for the population aimed at identifying, treating and preventing of complications is called as

  1. oral cavity sanation
  2. medical examination
  3. prevention

 

The cause of acute odontogenic jaw osteomyelitis is

  1. exacerbation of chronic periodontitis against a background of decreased immunity
  2. acute lymphadenitis
  3. acute mumps
  4. fracture of the jaw
  5. exacerbation of chronic periodontitis

 

The brancial cyst of the neck localized

  1. in the middle third of the neck, along the anterior edge of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
  2. along the anterior edge of the trapezoid muscle
  3. in the submandibular region
  4. in submental region
  5. along the midline of the neck

 

The most common cause of phlegmons and abscesses of the maxillofacial region is

  1. pustular disease of the skin
  2. odontogenic foci of infection
  3. flu and other infectious diseases
  4. introduction of infection on the needle when performing
  5. damage to the skin of the maxillofacial area

 

The clinical picture of ameloblastoma is characterized by

  1. loose painful bleeding gum formation
  2. painless deformity of the jaw in the form of swelling
  3. 2-3 erosions of gums, with no tendency to bleeding and epithelialization
  4. dense, painful infiltration in the area of several teeth
  5. painful defect of the jaw bone tissue

 

Prevention of aspirative asphyxia on the battlefield

  1. in restoring the anatomical position of the organ
  2. in tracheotomy
  3. in the introduction of the air duct
  4. sanation of the oral cavity, giving the injured person a position that provides free breathing
  5. in the removal of a foreign body

 

First aid for pulpitis consists of

  1. removing food residues, applying a tampon with painkillers
  2. rinsing with soda solution
  3. removing food residues from the carious cavity
  4. conducting infiltration anesthesia

 

Classification of dental caries by the depth of the lesion

  1. in the spot stage, superficial, medium, deep
  2. fissure, neck, circular
  3. enamel, dentin, cement
  4. acute, chronic

 

A possible complication that occurs during tooth extraction surgery is

  1. mumps
  2. ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint
  3. trigeminal neuralgia
  4. swallowing a tooth

 

The most life-threatening complication of inflammatory diseases of the maxillofacial region is

  1. sialolithiasis
  2. jaw fracture
  3. mediastinitis
  4. caries

 

“Oncological alertness” means

  1. knowledge of the early clinical signs of precancerous diseases and cancers
  2. do conversations with cancer patients
  3. knowledge of the signs of benign tumors
  4. knowledge of the structure of the organization of work of polyclinics of the city, regional, district clinics

 

The main method for treating small jaw cysts is

  1. cystectomy
  2. partial jaw resection
  3. cryodestruction
  4. half jaw resection

 

Indications to leave teeth in the line of fracture

  1. if tooth removal requires removal of excessive amount of bone so as to compromise the fracture site an possible plate/screw fixation
  2. tooth with advanced dental caries carrying a significant risk of abscess during treatment
  3. tooth that is fractured
  4. tooth luxated from its socket and/or interfering with reduction of the fracture

 

The x-ray picture of a radicular cyst is characterized by destruction of bone tissue

  1. in the form of several cavities with clear contours
  2. in the form of “melting sugar
  3. with clear contours in the apex of one or more teeth
  4. bone sclerosis

 

Indication for tooth extraction is

  1. primary tooth with which the baby was born and which interfere with natural feeding
  2. caries in spot stage
  3. acute pulpitis
  4. deep caries

 

The main etiological factors in the occurrence of precancer are

  1. bad health habits
  2. acute injury
  3. secondary adentia
  4. acute inflammatory processes of the bones of the facial skeleton

 

Indication for tooth extraction is

  1. acute pulpitis
  2. deep caries
  3. chronic granulomatous periodontitis
  4. caries in spot stage

 

An immediate complication of an injury to the maxillofacial region is

  1. pyelonephritis
  2. bleeding
  3. multiple caries
  4. periodontitis

 

How should be dental instruments cleaned, processed and sterilized after purulent manipulations

  1. disinfection, pre-sterilization and sterilization
  2. only sterilization
  3. only disinfection
  4. pre-sterilization and sterilization

 

What complications may occur during local anesthesia

  1. alveolitis
  2. jaw fracture
  3. skin ischemia
  4. tooth aspiration

 

What complications may occur during local anesthesia

  1. alveolitis
  2. tooth aspiration
  3. jaw fracture
  4. injection needle fracture

 

What phlegmon is characterized by the restriction of opening the mouth

  1. orbits
  2. the infraorbital area
  3. the infratemporal fossa

 

“Oncological alertness” means

  1. knowledge of the signs of benign tumors
  2. full examination of the patient
  3. do conversations with cancer patients
  4. knowledge of the structure of the organization of work of polyclinics of the city, regional, district clinics

 

A possible complication that occurs after tooth extraction surgery is

  1. trigeminal neuralgia
  2. jaw fracture
  3. heart attack
  4. swallowing a tooth

 

A possible complication that occurs after tooth extraction surgery is

  1. jaw fracture
  2. heart attack
  3. post-extraction pain
  4. swallowing a tooth

 

Risk factor involved in orofacial cleft predisposition is

  1. regular balanced diet 3 times a day
  2. the presence of chronic odontogenic infection foci
  3. chronic trauma to the oral mucosa
  4. exposure to Rubella or other infections

 

Disease, when infection coming into periapical space from an inflamed pulp named

  1. periodontitis
  2. caries
  3. pulpitis
  4. osteomyelitis

 

Contraindication to tooth extraction

  1. mild hypertension
  2. chronic periodontitis in the acute stage
  3. general weakness
  4. kidney disease (acute diffuse glomerulonephritis, acute nephrosis, severe renal failure)

 

Typical local sign for maxillofacial region inflammatory process

  1. fever
  2. difficulty breathing
  3. swelling of soft tissues
  4. hyperemia of soft tissues

 

A possible complication that occurs after tooth extraction surgery is

  1. postoperative bleeding
  2. swallowing a tooth
  3. heart attack
  4. jaw fracture

 

Typical local signs for maxillofacial region inflammatory process

  1. painful swallowing
  2. fever
  3. swelling of soft tissues
  4. hyperemia of soft tissues

 

What complications may occur during local anesthesia

  1. jaw fracture
  2. tooth aspiration
  3. anaphylactic shock
  4. alveolitis

 

Synonym for Le Fort Ill fracture of the upper jaw is

  1. suborbital
  2. subaortic
  3. separation of the alveolar ridge
  4. subbasal

 

The first radiological signs of destructive odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaw are manifested

  1. on the 30th day
  2. on the 7th day
  3. on the 20th day
  4. on the 14th day

 

Contraindication to tooth extraction

  1. 1st trimester of pregnancy
  2. mild hypertension
  3. general weakness
  4. chronic periodontitis in the acute stage

 

Contraindication to tooth extraction

  1. acute cerebrovascular accident
  2. general weakness
  3. mild hypertension
  4. chronic periodontitis in the acute stage

 

The clinical picture of Ill stage tongue cancer is characterized by

  1. primary focus up to 1 cm, extending to the entire depth of the mucous membrane
  2. ulcer, spreading to adjacent anatomical formations, multiple metastases
  3. primary focus up to 1 cm not affecting the mucosa
  4. ulcer, spreading to neighboring organs, by multiple regional and distant metastases

 

Indications for removal of teeth in the line of fracture

  1. if tooth removal requires removal of excessive amount of bone so as to compromise the fracture site an possible plate/screw fixation
  2. tooth with existing pathology such as cyst formation or pericoronitis
  3. tooth that is in good condition and assists in establishing occlusion and reducing the fracture
  4. tooth that does not interfere with reduction and fixation of fracture

 

Indications for removal of teeth in the line of fracture

  1. tooth that does not interfere with reduction and fixation of fracture
  2. tooth that is in good condition and assists in establishing occlusion and reducing the fracture
  3. if tooth removal requires removal of excessive amount of bone so as to compromise the fracture site an possible plate/screw fixation
  4. tooth that is fractured

 

What functions are violated in the phlegmon of the temporal region

  1. swallowing
  2. speech
  3. breathing
  4. chewing

 

The presence of a paroxysmal, spontaneous, nocturnal pain is typical for

  1. gum disease
  2. acute periodontitis
  3. chronic periodontitis
  4. acute pulpitis

 

Risk factor involved in orofacial cleft predisposition is

  1. chronic trauma to the oral mucosa
  2. the presence of chronic odontogenic infection foci
  3. geographic
  4. regular balanced diet 3 times a day

 

Synonym for Le Fort 11 fracture of the upper jaw is

  1. subbasal
  2. suborbital
  3. separation of the alveolar ridge
  4. suboral

 

The formation of a congenital cleft of the upper lip teratogenic factors can cause during the formation of the fetus

  1. the first 6 weeks
  2. 30-31 week
  3. 24-28 weeks
  4. 6-12 weeks

 

Actions of organic acids cause of

  1. remineralization of enamel
  2. demineralization of enamel

 

An immediate complication of an injury to the maxillofacial region is

  1. shock
  2. pyelonephritis
  3. multiple caries
  4. periodontitis

 

Complications of jaw fractures include

  1. sialadenitis
  2. exacerbation of chronic periodontitis
  3. heart attack
  4. ankylosis

 

Non-odontogenic gate of infection is presented by

  1. suppuration of odontogenic jaw cysts
  2. pericoronitis
  3. complication after extraction
  4. inflammatory diseases of the oral mucosa

 

Indications to leave teeth in the line of fracture

  1. tooth luxated from its socket and/or interfering with reduction of the fracture
  2. tooth that is fractured
  3. tooth with advanced dental caries carrying a significant risk of abscess during treatment
  4. tooth that does not interfere with reduction and fixation of fracture

 

What is the method of selecting material for histological examination

  1. aspiration
  2. puncture
  3. biopsy
  4. brushstroke

 

For the X-ray picture of the follicular cyst, destruction of bone tissue is characteristic

  1. with clear contours in the apex of one or several teeth
  2. in the form of several cavities with clear contours
  3. with clear boundaries and the shadow of the tooth in the cavity
  4. in the form of “melting sugar”

 

Typical local signs for maxillofacial region inflammatory process

  1. Fever
  2. swelling of soft tissues
  3. hyperemia of soft tissues
  4. hoarseness

 

Typical local sign for maxillofacial region inflammatory process

  1. restriction of opening the mouth
  2. swelling of soft tissues
  3. hyperemia of soft tissues
  4. fever

 

The cause of relapse of the radicular cyst of the jaw is

  1. hematoma
  2. incompletely removed cyst membrane
  3. postoperative wound inflammation
  4. odontogenic infection

 

Contraindication to tooth extraction

  1. mild hypertension
  2. chronic periodontitis in the acute stage
  3. general weakness
  4. acute leukemia

 

Non-odontogenic gate of infection is presented by

  1. suppuration of odontogenic jaw cysts
  2. dermatogenic
  3. complication after extraction
  4. pericoronitis

 

A burn of III b degree affected

  1. superficial epidermis and capillaries
  2. skin and underlying tissues
  3. all layers of the epidermis
  4. superficial epidermis

 

Contraindication to tooth extraction

  1. mental illness during exacerbation
  2. general weakness
  3. chronic periodontitis in the acute stage
  4. mild hypertension

 

Dental MCQS 2024-25

1st Test

 

  1. WHO caries intensity levels are determined for age groups
  2. 12 and 15 years old
  3. 15 and 18 years old
  4. 12 years and 35-44 years
  5. 6 and 12 years old
  6. 35-44 years and 65 years and older

 

  1. The main role in the development of infectious periodontitis belongs to
  2. Microorganisms, mainly streptococci
  3. Strong chemicals and medicinal substances
  4. Injury-blow, bruise

 

  1. The percentage of people with signs of caries to the total number of those examined is called
  2. quality of dental care for the population
  3. level of dental care for the population
  4. intensity of dental disease
  5. prevalence of dental disease
  6. dental morbidity of the population

 

  1. The intensity of the patient’s dental caries is expressed
  2. the ratio of the sum of carious, filled and removed teeth due to complications of caries to the age of the individual
  3. the sum of carious, filled and removed teeth due to complications of caries in an individual
  4. the sum of carious and filled teeth in an individual
  5. average indicator of the sum of carious, filled and removed teeth due to complications of caries in a group of individuals
  6. the ratio of the sum of carious, filled and removed teeth due to complications of caries to the total number of teeth in an individual

 

  1. The percentage of people with caries to the total number of people examined is called
  2. prevalence of dental disease
  3. need for rehabilitation
  4. quality of dental care for the population
  5. intensity of dental disease
  6. dental morbidity of the population

 

  1. The intensity of caries during the period of tooth change is assessed using the index
  2. KPIJ(z) and kp(z)
  3. kpu(z)
  4. KPCJ(z)
  5. IGR-U
  6. RMA

 

  1. Are serous pulpitis distinguished in the classification of pulpitis according to ICD-IO?
  2. allocate
  3. do not allocate

 

  1. The intensity of dental caries in a 3-year-old child is assessed using the index
  2. kpu(z)
  3. IGR-U
  4. KPU(z) and kp(z)
  5. KPU(z)
  6. RMA

 

  1. To determine the intensity of dental caries in a patient, an index is used
  2. CPITN
  3. RNR
  4. RMA
  5. CPU
  6. IGR-U

 

  1. When treating acute periodontitis, it is necessary to create an outflow of exudate through
  2. holes in the lower jaw
  3. root canal
  4. tooth socket after its removal

 

  1. For dental caries it is necessary
  2. preparation of a carious cavity, pulp removal, root canal treatment, filling of the root canal and carious cavity
  3. preparation of a carious cavity, its formation, replacement of the defect with a filling
  4. preparation of a carious cavity, removal of necrotic tissue from the tooth root canal, treatment of the canal, filling of the canal and carious cavity

 

  1. The etiological factor of purulent inflammatory diseases of the maxillofacial area is most often
  2. source of odontogenic infection (tooth)
  3. chronic tonsillitis
  4. infected wound
  5. post-injection complications

 

  1. X-ray signs of periodontitis are determined
  2. in the acute stage
  3. in the chronic stage
  4. in the stage of exacerbation of chronic periodontitis correct option only

 

  1. Complications of periodontitis include
  2. radicular cysts
  3. odontogenic maxillary sinusitis
  4. chronic odontogenic sepsis
  5. migrating odontogenic granuloma
  6. purulent-inflammatory complications (periostitis, abscess, phlegmon, osteomyelitis)

 

  1. The prevalence of caries among adults is
  2. 70-80%
  3. 50-60%
  4. 95-97%
  5. 30-35%

 

  1. Acute diffuse pulpitis must be differentiated from
  2. deep caries
  3. trigeminal neuralgia
  4. acute sinusitis
  5. acute focal pulpitis
  6. acute apical periodontitis

 

  1. Percussion for dental caries
  2. painless
  3. painful

 

  1. Acute focal pulpitis must be differentiated from
  2. apical periodontitis
  3. trigeminal neuralgia
  4. deep caries
  5. acute diffuse pulpitis

 

  1. The WHO epidemiological dental survey methodology involves examining children aged (years)
  2. 12, 15, 18
  3. 9, 12, 15
  4. 6, 12, 15
  5. 6, 9, 12
  6. 3, 6, 9

 

  1. KPU(z) is an index
  2. surface caries intensity
  3. determining the condition of periodontal tissues
  4. caries intensity of permanent teeth
  5. oral hygiene
  6. Intensity of caries of temporary teeth

 

  1. The prevalence of dental caries is expressed in
  2. constants
  3. coefficients
  4. percent
  5. relative units
  6. absolute units

 

  1. Name the stages of uncomplicated dental caries
  2. cement caries
  3. enamel acaries
  4. pulpitis
  5. periodontitis
  6. dentin caries

 

  1. Acute diffuse pulpitis must be differentiated from
  2. deep caries
  3. trigeminal neuralgia
  4. acute sinusitis
  5. acute focal pulpitis
  6. acute apical periodontitis

 

  1. Painful symptom of caries
  2. may occur spontaneously, does not stop after the stimulus is removed
  3. occurs under the influence of an irritant; after the action of the irritant is removed, it ceases

 

  1. For pulpitis it is necessary
  2. preparation of a carious cavity, removal of pulp, treatment of the root canal and carious cavity, filling of the canal and carious cavity
  3. preparation of a carious cavity, its formation, replacement of the defect with a filling

 

  1. Treatment of dentin caries involves the use
  2. cavity preparation, removal of softened and pigmented dentin, cavity formation, filling
  3. remineralizing therapy

 

2nd Test

 

  1. First aid for pulpitis consists of
  2. removing food residues from the carious cavity
  3. rinsing with soda solution
  4. removing food residues, applying a tampon with painkillers
  5. conducting infiltration anaesthesia

 

  1. Acute pulpitis may be (select several correct answers)
  2. focal
  3. fibrous
  4. hypertrophic
  5. gangrenous
  6. diffuse

 

  1. At the purulent stage of acute periodontitis in the oral cavity are seen
  2. hyperemia, swelling of the gums in the area of the affected tooth
  3. no changes
  4. pale gums
  5. cyanotic gums

 

  1. The forms of caries are treated in several visitings
  2. medium caries
  3. deep caries
  4. superficial caries

 

  1. in the stage of spot

 

  1. Classification of dental caries by the depth of the lesion
  2. enamel, dentin, cement
  3. fissure, neck, circular
  4. in the spot stage, superficial, medium, deep
  5. acute, chronic

 

  1. Chronic pulpitis may be (select several correct answers)
  2. focal
  3. fibrous
  4. gangrenous
  5. diffuse
  6. hypertrophic

7.First aid for pulpitis consists of

  1. removing food residues, applying a tampon with painkillers
  2. conducting infiltration anesthesia
  3. removal of food residues from the carious cavity
  4. rinsing with soda solution

 

  1. For acute pulpitis pain is characterized by
  2. short-term from irritants
  3. paroxysmal, spontaneous, nocturnal
  4. long-term constants
  5. constant aching

 

  1. The tooth brush removes from the tooth surface
  2. supragingival tartar
  3. pellicle
  4. smokers RAID
  5. soft plaque

 

  1. To necrotize the pulp as a stage of treatment of pulpitis dentist can use
  2. iodine
  3. arsenic paste
  4. camporota
  5. camphor

 

  1. The presence of a fistula characterized exacerbation of chronic
  2. granulomatous periodontitis
  3. fibrous periodontitis
  4. gangrenous pulpitis
  5. granulating periodontitis

 

  1. If it is impossible to create an outflow of exudate from the periodontium through the root canal in the case of acute purulent

periodontitis doctor should

  1. prescribe massive doses of antibiotics
  2. remove the tooth
  3. do periosteotomy
  4. do physiotherapy

 

  1. The main cause of periodontitis is
  2. bad habits
  3. infection
  4. allergic reaction
  5. sudden impact

 

  1. The outflow of exudate in acute or exacerbation of chronic periodontitis is most favorable through
  2. the system Haversian channels spread under the periosteum
  3. root canal
  4. periodontal pocket
  5. the fistula

 

  1. First aid for dental caries
  2. removing food residues and a tampon with an anesthetic
  3. removing food residues and rinsing
  4. dental preparation and filling
  5. prescription of analgesics

 

  1. If it is impossible to create an outflow of exudate from the periodontium through the root canal in the case of acute purulent

periodontitis doctor should

  1. do periosteotomy
  2. do physiotherapy
  3. remove the tooth
  4. prescribe massive doses of antibiotics

 

  1. The system of active dental care for the population aimed at identifying, treating and preventing of complications is called as
  2. oral cavity sanation
  3. medical examination
  4. prevention

 

  1. The presence of a feeling of “grown tooth” is typical for
  2. chronic periodontitis
  3. acute pulpitis
  4. acute periodontitis
  5. gum disease
  6. chronic pulpitis

 

  1. In which stage of caries, irritants (chemical, thermal, and mechanical) cause short-term pain
  2. in the spot stage
  3. superficial
  4. medium
  5. deep

 

  1. Classification of dental caries by the depth of the lesion
  2. acute, chronic
  3. enamel, dentin, cement
  4. fissure, neck, circular
  5. in the spot stage, superficial, medium, deep

 

  1. The cause of dental caries is

temperature damage of enamel

enamel demineralization

radiation damage of enamel

mechanical damage of enamel

 

  1. The main cause of periodontitis is
  2. allergic reaction
  3. infection coming from an inflamed pulp
  4. sudden impact
  5. bad habits

 

  1. The cause of dental caries is
  2. enamel demineralization
  3. mechanical damage of enamel
  4. radiation damage of enamel
  5. temperature damage of enamel

 

  1. The accumulation of microorganisms, polysaccharides, proteins and lipids fixed on the enamel surface is
  2. the cuticle of the tooth
  3. tooth pellicle
  4. microbial plaque
  5. solid dental deposits
  6. food plaque

 

  1. Spread of dental caries is expressed
  2. in relative units
  3. in absolute units
  4. as a percentage

 

  1. For acute pulpitis pain is characterized by
  2. short-term from irritants
  3. constant aching
  4. long-term constants
  5. paroxysmal, spontaneous, nocturnal

 

  1. Which irritants cause short term pain in dental caries
  2. all named irritants
  3. temperature
  4. chemical
  5. mechanical

 

  1. Demineralization of enamel occurs as a result of
  2. actions of mineral acids
  3. actions of cold and hot food
  4. chronic trauma to the tooth
  5. actions of alkalis
  6. actions of organic acids

 

  1. If it is impossible to create an outflow of exudate from the periodontium through the root canal in the case of acute purulent

periodontitis doctor should

  1. do periosteotomy
  2. do physiotherapy
  3. remove the tooth
  4. prescribe massive doses of antibiotics

 

  1. The most common way of tooth pulp infection
  2. by lymphatic vessels (lymphogenic infection)
  3. by arterioles (hematogenic infection)
  4. through one of the apical foramens in the presence of a periodontal pocket
  5. through the dentine tubules from the carious cavity

 

3rd Test

 

The development of phlegmon in the maxillofacial region leads to impaired function

  1. breathing
  2. speech
  3. chewing
  4. swallowing
  5. violation of all specified functions is possible

 

By the course osteomyelitis is classified as

  1. subacute, chronic
  2. acute, subacute, chronic
  3. limited, diffuse
  4. acute, chronic

 

The most typical clinical sign of periostitis is

  1. hyperemia and edema of the muco-gingival junction
  2. facial asymmetry
  3. mobility of all teeth
  4. bulging of sublingual rollers

difficulty opening the mouth

 

A typical surgical approach in the treatment of periostitis consists of incision

  1. of mucosa and periosteum on the muco-gingival junction
  2. submental region in the midline
  3. in the submandibular region along the edge of the lower jaw
  4. the mucosa of the pterygomandibular fold
  5. bordering the angle of the lower jaw

 

The main cause for the development of the abscess is

  1. fracture of the lower jaw
  2. bruising of the soft tissues of the face
  3. exacerbation of chronic periodontitis
  4. tumors of the alveolar process
  5. exacerbation of chronic sinusitis

 

The most common cause of phlegmons and abscesses of the maxillofacial region is

  1. pustular diseases of the skin of the face
  2. odontogenic foci of infection
  3. damage of the skin of the maxillofacial area
  4. flu and other infectious diseases
  5. infection on the needle when performing local Anesthesia

 

The indication for tracheostomy due to respiratory disorders often occurs with phlegmon in

  1. buccal area
  2. submental region
  3. submandibular region
  4. parotid-chewing area
  5. mouth floor

 

Sequestrectomy for chronic osteomyelitis is indicated in the period

  1. formed of sequestration
  2. formation of sequestration
  3. after a course of physical therapy
  4. after a course of antibacterial therapy

 

The most frequent way of spreading inflammatory exudate from the periodontium to the periosteum

  1. by lymphatic vessels
  2. by the system Haversian and Volkmann canals
  3. by blood vessels
  4. along the nerve fibers

 

Causative tooth with acute odontogenic osteomyelitis should be

  1. replanted
  2. filled
  3. extracted
  4. to remove the pulp
  5. disclosed

 

For abscesses and phlegmons, the main therapeutic measure is

  1. treatment with sulfonamides
  2. drainage of the suppurative focus
  3. the removal of a tooth
  4. treatment with antibiotics

 

In chronic stage of jaw osteomyelitis, sequesters are removed after (period of sequesters formation)

  1. 3-4 weeks
  2. 5-8 weeks
  3. 2-3 weeks
  4. I week

 

Treatment of chronic odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaw with sequester formation

  1. antibacterial therapy
  2. in the rehabilitation of the oral cavity
  3. in periostotomy in the area of the causative tooth
  4. sequestrectomy
  5. antibiotic therapy, excision of the

 

The most typical clinical sign of jaw periostitis is

  1. bulging of sublingual rollers
  2. difficulty opening the mouth
  3. mobility of all teeth
  4. hyperemia and edema of the muco-gingival junction in the projection of the causative tooth
  5. facial asymmetry

 

The cause of acute odontogenic jaw osteomyelitis is

  1. exacerbation of chronic periodontitis
  2. fracture of the jaw
  3. exacerbation of chronic periodontitis against a background of decreased immunity
  4. acute lymphadenitis
  5. acute mumps

For the treatment of jaw osteomyelitis, drugs with an osteotropic effect used are

  1. lincomycin
  2. ampicillin, securin
  3. erythromycin, oxacillin
  4. penicillin, methyluracil
  5. kanamycin, Biseptol

 

The most common causes of jaw periostitis are (choose the right answers)

  1. acute periodontitis
  2. exacerbation of chronic sinusitis
  3. alveolitis
  4. bruising of the soft tissues of the face
  5. pericoronitis
  6. fracture of the lower jaw

 

Surgical treatment for acute odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaw

  1. removal of the causative tooth, wide periostotomy of the jaw on one side, drainage
  2. removal of the causative tooth, wide periostotomy of the jaw on both sides, drainage
  3. a wide periostotomy of the jaw on both sides
  4. removing the causative tooth
  5. periostotomy in the area of the causal tooth, drainage

 

For abscesses and phlegmons, the main therapeutic measure is

  1. opening of a purulent focus
  2. treatment with antibiotics
  3. the removal of a tooth
  4. treatment with sulfonamides

The cause of acute odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaws is

  1. acute lymphadenitis
  2. exacerbation of chronic periodontitis against the background of reduced reactivity of the body
  3. acute mumps
  4. fracture of the jaw
  5. exacerbation of chronic periodontitis

 

Surgical treatment for acute odontogenic jaw osteomyelitis

  1. periosteotomy in the area of the causative tooth, drainage
  2. removal of the causative tooth, wide periosteotomy of the jaw on one side, drainage
  3. removal of the causative tooth, wide two-sides periosteotomy of the jaw, drainage
  4. removing the causative tooth
  5. a wide periosteotomy of the jaw on both sides

 

The clinical picture of acute odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaw is as follows

  1. the mobility of all teeth in the jaw
  2. in pain in the teeth, malaise, fistulas on the skin
  3. in sharp pulsating pain in the tooth, headache, positive symptom load
  4. chills, fever up to 40C, Vincent’s symptom, tooth mobility

 

The clinical signs of acute odontogenic jaw osteomyelitis are

  1. toothache, malaise, fistulas on the skin
  2. chills, fever up to 40’C, Vincent’s symptom, tooth mobility
  3. sharp pulsating pain in the tooth, headache, positive symptom load
  4. mobility of all teeth on the jaw

 

Local signs of acute odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaw are

  1. inflammatory infiltrate with clear borders, a negative symptom of the load
  2. Both-sides jaw infiltration without clear boundaries, Vincent’s symptom, tooth mobility
  3. inflammatory infiltration without clear boundaries, positive symptom of load
  4. mobility of all teeth on the jaw

 

The most common cause of phlegmons and abscesses of the maxillofacial region is

  1. pustular disease of the skin
  2. odontogenic foci of infection
  3. flu and other infectious diseases
  4. introduction of infection on the needle when performing
  5. damage to the skin of the maxillofacial area

 

Abscess and phlegmons is an inflammation of

  1. muscles
  2. bones
  3. cellular tissue
  4. glands
  5. mucous membrane

 

The intensity of care for periostitis on the first day of the visit

  1. start acupuncture
  2. make a novocaine blockade
  3. prescribe physical therapy
  4. drainage of the suppurative focus*
  5. enter intramuscularly respiratory analeptics

 

The intensity of care for periostitis on the first day of the visit

  1. drainage of the suppurative focus
  2. prescribe physiotherapy treatment
  3. novocaine blockade
  4. acupuncture
  5. to enter intramuscular respiratory analeptics

 

A typical clinical sign of submandibular phlegmon is

  1. swelling and hyperemia of the buccal areas
  2. infiltration and hyperemia of submandibular region tissues
  3. jaw contracture
  4. hyperemia of the skin in the lower lip area
  5. edema of the pterygomandibular fold

 

The most severe complication of phlegmon of the lower parts of the face is

  1. the mumps
  2. soft tissue hematoma
  3. mediastinitis
  4. facial nerve paresis
  5. sinus thrombosis of the brain

 

4th Test

 

Possible complication during maxillary molar removal surgery

  1. arthritis of the temporomandibular joint
  2. fracture of the tubercle of the upper jaw
  3. ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint
  4. trigeminal neuralgia
  5. mumps

 

Is it possible to tampon the socket with an iodoform tampon if a complication arises during Tooth extraction – opening of the bottom of the maxillary sinus

  1. it is forbidden
  2. only possible when post-extraction bleeding occurs
  3. possible only in case of purulent inflammation f the maxillary sinus
  4. possible in all cases

 

The first rocking movement when removing teeth of the upper jaw is made

  1. outwards, except for the removal of premolars and molars
  2. inside, except for removing the sixth tooth
  3. inside, except for the removal of premolars and molars
  4. outwards, except for removing the sixth tooth
  5. inside, except for molar removal
  6. outwards, except for molar removal

 

 

In the presence of inflammation in multi-rooted teeth, delayed epithelization is observed in

  1. 3 weeks
  2. 1 week
  3. no delay observed
  4. 2 weeks

 

General somatic complications during Tooth extraction surgery include:

  1. alveolitis
  2. anuresis
  3. fainting
  4. sinusitis
  5. stemyelitis

 

When removing right lower molars and premolars, the doctor is

  1. arbitrary (any) position of the doctor
  2. to the left and in front of the patient
  3. to the right and in front of the patient
  4. to the right and behind the patient

 

At what stages of pregnancy may temporary contraindications to tooth extraction occur?

  1. at 3-4 months
  2. at 2-3 and 6-7 months
  3. at 1-2 and 8-9 months
  4. at 5-6 months

 

Forceps for removing the roots of the upper incisors

  1. bayonet-shaped
  2. beak-shaped root
  3. curved along the plane
  4. S-shaped with non-converging cheeks
  5. straight root

 

 

Complications that occur immediately after tooth extraction surgery

  1. ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint
  2. arthritis of the temporomandibular joint
  3. mumps
  4. trigeminal neuralgia
  5. bleeding

 

In the presence of inflammation in single-rooted teeth, delayed epithelization is observed in

  1. 3 weeks
  2. no delay observed
  3. 1 week
  4. 2 weeks

 

The first rocking movement when removing teeth on the lower jaw is made

  1. outwards, except for removal of the second and third molars
  2. inside, except for the removal of the second and third molars
  3. inside, except for molar removal
  4. outwards, except for molar removal
  5. inside, except for the removal of premolars and molars
  6. outwards, except for the removal of premolars and molars

 

General somatic complications during Tooth extraction surgery include:

  1. sinusitis
  2. anuresis
  3. alvelitis
  4. collapse
  5. stemyelitis

 

In what forms can alveolitis occur?

  1. only in the form of osteomyelitis of the socket
  2. only in the form of a “dry socket”
  3. in the form of acute, chronic and recurrent
  4. in the form of a “dry socket” or osteomyelitis of the socket

 

If there are thorns on the cheeks of the tongs, then they are designed to remove

  1. lower incisors
  2. upper molars
  3. lower premolars
  4. lower molars
  5. upper premolars
  6. upper incisors

 

Epithelization of multi-rooted teeth occurs on what day after extraction

  1. 29-32 days
  2. 19-23 days
  3. 14-18 days
  4. 24-28 days

 

General somatic complications during tooth extraction surgery include:

  1. stemyelitis
  2. sinusitis
  3. anaphylactic shck
  4. alvelitis
  5. anuresis

 

What method should be used to remove the root of a tooth pushed into the maxillary sinus?

  1. by maxillary sinusotomy without local anastomosis plastic surgery
  2. leave the root in the maxillary sinus until clinical symptoms of sinusitis appear
  3. by maxillary sinusotomy with local anastomosis plastic surgery
  4. Pichler’s method

 

Forceps for removing maxillary incisors

  1. straight radicular
  2. straight root
  3. S-shaped with non-converging cheeks
  4. curved along the plane
  5. beak-shaped root

 

There are acute forms of alveolitis

  1. serous and hypertrophic
  2. purulent and purulent-necrotic*
  3. serous and purulent-necrotic
  4. catarrhal and purulent

 

By what day, after tooth extraction, is the socket normally completely filled with granulation tissue?

  1. 3-4 days
  2. In 2 weeks
  3. in 3 weeks
  4. 7-8 days
  5. in 4 weeks

 

Remove with straight forceps

  1. maxillary incisors
  2. molars
  3. premolars
  4. mandibular incisors
  5. wisdom teeth

 

To treat alveolitis, is it possible to use turunda treated with antiseptic ointments?

  1. Can not use
  2. possible if hydrophilic ointments are used
  3. you can always
  4. possible, but in combination with drainage devices

 

How long after myocardial infarction can elective tooth extraction be performed?

  1. in 1-2 months
  2. in 1-2 years
  3. in weeks
  4. in 3-6 months
  5. in 1 week

 

Long-term local complications that arise after Tooth extraction surgery include:

  1. neuralgia
  2. anuresis
  3. myositis
  4. collapse
  5. Ostemyelitis

 

In case of perforation of the maxillary sinus that occurred during tooth extraction, complicated by acute sinusitis (without the presence of a tooth root in the maxillary sinus), it is indicated

  1. rinse the maxillary sinus once, maxillary sinus with fistula repair, in the postoperative period, rinse the sinus repeatedly (through the rhinostomy) with antiseptic solutions
  2. Carrying out a maxillary sinusotomy without local plastic surgery of the anastomosis
  3. planned maxillary sinusotomy with anastomosis plastic surgery
  4. washing the sinus with antiseptic solutions (to relieve inflammation), performing local plastic surgery of the anastomosis after eliminating the inflammatory phenomena
  5. urgent maxillary sinusotomy with anastomosis plastic surgery
  6. performing local plastic surgery of the anastomosis without maxillary sinusotomy

 

Forceps for removing the roots of the maxillary canines

  1. straight root
  2. curved along the plane
  3. S-shaped with spike
  4. beak-shaped root
  5. S-shaped with converging cheeks

 

On what day after tooth extraction do osteoid beams appear on the bottom and side walls of the socket?

  1. in 1 week
  2. in 2 weeks
  3. in 4 weeks
  4. in 3 weeks

 

At what time, after tooth extraction, des the socket begin to be filled with finely looped spongy bone tissue?

  1. by the end of the second month
  2. for 21 days
  3. by the beginning of the third month
  4. by the end of the first month
  5. on the 14th day
  6. by the middle of the second month

 

Can mental illness be a temporary contraindication to tooth extraction?

  1. no, they can’t
  2. maybe if they last more than 2 years
  3. can only during exacerbation

 

Possible complication during upper jaw tooth extraction surgery

  1. ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint
  2. perforation of the floor of the maxillary sinus
  3. trigeminal neuralgia
  4. arthritis of the temporomandibular joint
  5. mumps

 

Indications for planned tooth extraction

  1. chronic periodontitis
  2. acute purulent periodontitis
  3. catarrhal gingivitis
  4. worsened chronic periodontitis
  5. chronic pulpitis

 

When removing the lower front teeth, the doctor is

  1. arbitrary (any) position of the doctor
  2. to the right and behind the patient
  3. to the right and slightly in front of the patient
  4. to the left and behind the patient

 

Complications that arise during tooth extraction surgery

  1. alveolitis
  2. periostitis
  3. maxillary sinusitis
  4. fracture of the crown or root of the tooth being removed
  5. osteomyelitis

 

Long-term complications of a local nature after surgery to remove a tooth in the upper jaw include:

  1. myositis
  2. collapse
  3. neuralgia
  4. oroantral communication
  5. anuresis

 

Long-term local complications that arise after tooth extraction surgery include:

  1. collapse
  2. alveolitis
  3. anuresis
  4. myositis
  5. neuralgia

 

When removing left lower molars and premolars, the doctor is

  1. to the left and slightly in front of the patient
  2. to the left and behind the patient
  3. arbitrary (any) position of the doctor
  4. to the right and behind the patient

 

In case of complicated healing (alveolitis or osteomyelitis), how long does it take for the socket to be radiologically indistinguishable

from the surrounding tissue?

  1. by 10-12 months
  2. by 6-8 months
  3. by 2-4 months
  4. by 8-10 months
  5. by 4-6 months

 

Long-term local complications that arise after tooth extraction surgery include:

  1. anuresis
  2. alveoloneuritis
  3. neuralgia
  4. collapse
  5. myositis

 

The first rocking movement of the sixth upper tooth when removing it is made

  1. inside
  2. both outward and inward
  3. outward

 

Epithelization of single-rooted teeth occurs on what day after extraction?

  1. 10-12 day
  2. 16-18 day
  3. 24-30 day
  4. 12-16 days
  5. 20-22 day

 

The indication for tooth extraction is

  1. chronic granulomatous periodontitis
  2. acute periodontitis
  3. deep caries
  4. mumps
  5. acute pulpitis

 

In case of acute inflammatory process in the jaw, should a wound revision be carried out?

  1. yes, an audit should always be carried out
  2. should not be audited
  3. should be carried out, but only if thick pus is obtained from the wound
  4. after tooth extraction to remove remaining granuloma

 

The correct sequence of techniques for removing teeth with forceps

  1. closure, overlay, advancement of the cheeks, luxation and extraction of teeth
  2. advancement, imposition, closure of the cheeks, luxation and extraction of teeth
  3. application, advancement, closure of the cheeks, luxation and extraction of teeth
  4. overlay, closure, advancement of the cheeks, luxation and extraction of teeth

 

Are there absolute contraindications to tooth extraction?

  1. yes, there are absolute contraindications, but their number is limited
  2. there are many absolute contraindications
  3. no absolute contraindications

 

Forceps for removing maxillary premolars

  1. curved along the plane
  2. shaped with converging cheeks
  3. S-shaped without tenon
  4. straight root
  5. beak-shaped root

 

After tooth extraction it is shown

  1. intensive antiseptic rinses of the mouth no earlier than 2 hours after the operation
  2. drinking hot food or coffee within 2 hours after surgery
  3. UHF therapy in thermal dose
  4. antiseptic baths, intensive mouth rinses are contraindicated
  5. significant physical activity

 

How long after the tooth extraction operation, the pushed root (tooth) into the soft tissues should (can) be removed?

  1. no earlier than 2 weeks
  2. no earlier than 4 weeks
  3. no earlier than 3 weeks
  4. no earlier than 1 week

 

General somatic complications during tooth extraction surgery include:

  1. alveolitis
  2. osteomyelitis
  3. hypertensive crisis
  4. sinusitis
  5. anuresis

 

Forceps are used to remove maxillary canines.

  1. curved along the plane
  2. beak-shaped root
  3. straight root
  4. S-shaped with spike
  5. straight coronal

 

When removing the upper teeth, the doctor is

  1. to the left and in front of the patient
  2. arbitrary (any) position of the doctor
  3. to the right and in front of the patient
  4. in front and on the side corresponding to the tooth to be removed

 

What is the name of bleeding that occurs after surgery?

  1. Rhinogenic
  2. Symptomatic
  3. Idiopathic
  4. Iatrogenic

 

Possible complication during mandibular 3rd molar removal surgery

  1. osteomyelitis
  2. periostitis
  3. mandibular fracture
  4. alveolitis
  5. sinusitis

 

5th Test

 

Characteristic signs for a cancerous ulcer on the lower lip and the oral mucosa are

  • moderate pain, the edges are swollen, brightly hyperemic, at the bottom – purulent-fibrinous plaque
  • moderate soreness, inverted, raised edges, necrotic tissue at the bottom
  • sharp soreness, thinned edges, glassy granulations on the bottom
  • the absence of pain, grease the bottom with a yellowish scale

 

Organ-specific tumors of the maxillofacial region include: (select several correct answers)

  • epulis
  • osteoblastoclastoma
  • ameloblastoma
  • hemangioma
  • osteoma

 

Organ-specific tumors of the maxillofacial region include: (select several correct answers)

  • ostema
  • epulis
  • angioma
  • osteoblastoclastoma
  • ameloblastoma

 

The main method of treatment for common cancer of the lower lip and oral mucosa is

  • radiation therapy
  • surgical
  • chemotherapy
  • combined method
  • electrocoagulation of the tumor

 

The main method of treatment of fibromas and papillomas of the oral and maxillofacial region is

  • radiation therapy
  • excision on the boarder of tumor and healthy tissues
  • chemotherapy
  • cauterization

 

Early symptoms of malignant tumors of the jaws are

  • tooth mobility, intermittent aching pain symptom Vincent, thickening of the jaw
  • dry mouth, paroxysmal acute pain, difficulty swallowing
  • hypersalivation, chills, both-sides infiltration of the jaw

 

The clinical picture of fibrous epulis is characterized by

  • dense, painful infiltration in the area of several teeth
  • 2-3 erosions of gums, with no tendency to bleeding and epithelialization
  • dense, painless formation on a wide base
  • loose, painful bleeding gum formation
  • local gum keratinization

 

Cause of radicular cyst is

  • transferred osteomyelitis of the jaw
  • violation of the development of the rudiment of the tooth
  • jaw trauma
  • complication of chronic periodontitis

In case of metastases of cancer of the maxillofacial region to regional lymph nodes, which operation is performed

  • radical neck dissection
  • Redon
  • Vincent
  • Caldwell-Luc

 

The clinical picture of ameloblastoma is characterized by

  • painful defect of the jaw bone tissue
  • painless deformity of the jaw in the form of swelling
  • 2-3 erosions of gums, with no tendency to bleeding and epithelialization
  • loose painful bleeding gum formation
  • dense, painful infiltration in the area of several teeth

 

Early symptoms of malignant tumors of the jaws are

  • teeth mobility, periodic pain, symptom Vincent, thickening of the jaw
  • dry mouth, paroxysmal acute pain, difficulty swallowing
  • hypersalivation, chills, both-sides jaw swelling

 

Papilloma is characterized by

  • pain
  • the presence of a seal; and the mucous membrane around its base
  • lack of tissue infiltration around its base
  • the rapid growth

 

The main method of small odontogenic cysts treatment is

  • cystectomy
  • cryodestruction
  • half resection of the jaw
  • sclerosis
  • partial resection of the jaw

 

The main etiological factors in the development of malignant tumors of the oral mucosa are: (select several correct answers)

  • hypersalivation
  • precancerous diseases
  • massive dental deposits
  • partial tooth loss
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
  • prolonged irritation of the oral mucosa by mechanical, chemical, and temperature factors

 

Additional research methods used to clarify the diagnosis of “malignancy of the maxillofacial region” include: (select several correct answers)

  • histological
  • angiographic
  • physical
  • cytological
  • biochemical
  • immunological

 

Characteristic signs for a cancerous ulcer on the lower lip and the oral mucosa are

  • moderate soreness, inverted, raised edges, necrotic tissue at the bottom
  • the absence of pain, grease the bottom with a yellowish scales
  • moderate pain, the edges are swollen, brightly hyperemic, at the bottom – purulent-fibrinous plaque
  • sharp soreness, thinned edges, glassy granulations on the bottom

 

Osteoma on the x-ray shows up as

  • an area of osteoporosis
  • an area of high density with clear contours
  • an area of high density without clear contours
  • a reduce of bone density

 

The brancial cyst of the neck localized

  • in the middle third of the neck, along the anterior edge of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
  • along the anterior edge of the trapezoid muscle
  • in the submandibular region
  • in submental region
  • along the midline of the neck

 

The main method of treatment for lower lip and oral mucosa spread cancer is

  • radiation therapy
  • combined method
  • chemotherapy
  • electrocoagulation of the tumor
  • surgical

 

Ameloblastoma belongs to the group of

  • benign odontogenic tumors
  • malignant odontogenic tumors
  • inflammatory diseases
  • precancerous diseases
  • tumor-like formations

 

The stage of malignant neoplasm is established on the basis of clinical signs

  • patient complaints
  • the size of the tumor
  • the size of the tumor, the presence of distant and nearby metastases
  • complaints of the patient, the size of the tumor
  • the size of the tumort the presence of nearby metastases

 

The clinical picture of ameloblastoma is characterized by

  • painless deformation of the jaw in the form of swelling
  • painful defect of the jaw bone tissue
  • dense painful infiltration in the area of several teeth
  • 2-3 erosions of gums, with no tendency to bleeding and epithelialization
  • loose painful bleeding gum formation

 

Clarifying the diagnosis of a dermoid cyst helps

  • x-ray
  • electromyography
  • cytological examination of punctate
  • the study of blood

 

Causes of dermoid cyst

  • violation of the embryonic development of the maxillofacial region
  • injury
  • complication of chronic periodontitis
  • transferred inflammatory process in soft tissues

 

One of the main surgical methods for treating jaw cancer is

  • electrocoagulation of the tumor
  • radical neck dissection
  • Caldwell-Luke
  • half resection of the jaw

 

Fibroma characterizes by

  • rapid growth
  • ulceration of the mucous membrane covering it
  • pain
  • slow growth

 

Causes of follicular cysts is

  • violation of the development of the rudiment of the tooth
  • transferred osteomyelitis of the jaw
  • trauma to the jaw
  • complication of chronic periodontitis

 

The method of treatment of cavernous hemangioma is

  • electrocoagulation
  • sclerotherapy
  • cauterization
  • physiotherapy
  • radiation therapy

 

The main clinical sign of cavernous hemangioma is

  • the presence of erosions on the surface of the neoplasm without a tendency to bleeding
  • painful infiltration
  • reduction in pressure and restoration of the previous volume of the tumor after the cessation of pressure
  • the presence of phleboliths
  • pain during palpation of the neoplasm

 

The main etiological factors in the development of malignant tumors of the oral mucosa are: (select several correct answers)

  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
  • prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane by mechanical, chemical, and temperature factors
  • hypersalivation
  • precancerous diseases
  • partial tooth loss
  • massive dental deposits

 

6th Test (Periostitis)

 

The typical surgical approach for periostitis consists of an incision

  1. mucous membrane along the pterygomaxillary fold
  2. in the submental area along the midline
  3. mucous membrane and periosteum along the transitional fold
  4. in the submandibular region along the edge of the lower jaw
  5. bordering the angle of the lower jaw

 

When were drainages first used to treat purulent wounds?

  1. during the time of Galen (130-210 AD)
  2. in the middle of the 20th century
  3. at the beginning of the 20th century
  4. during the time of Pirogov N.I.

 

In case of periostitis, you should

  1. remove the filling
  2. remove the causative tooth
  3. fill a carious cavity
  4. seal the canal before opening the periosteum
  5. expand the tooth-gingival pocket

 

The cause of the development of periostitis is

  1. pericoronitis
  2. bruise of soft tissues of the face
  3. alveolar fibroma
  4. exacerbation of chronic maxillary sinusitis
  5. fracture of the condylar process of the mandible

 

What is the percentage of band neutrophils from the total number of leukocytes in the blood of healthy people

  1. 2-5% +
  2. 1-2%
  3. 15-20%
  4. 5-10%
  5. 10-15%

 

Temperature reaction in acute forms of periostitis and osteomyelitis of the jaws

  1. varies, i.e. with periostitis higher than with osteomyelitis
  2. is the same for both diseases +
  3. varies, i.e. with periostitis lower than with osteomyelitis

 

The cause of the development of periostitis is

  1. bruise of soft tissues of the face
  2. fracture of the condylar process of the mandible
  3. alveolitis
  4. alveolar fibroma
  5. exacerbation of chronic sinusitis

 

The clinical sign of periostitis is

  1. hyperemia and swelling of the transitional fold
  2. mobility of all teeth
  3. difficulty opening the mouth
  4. facial hematoma
  5. bulging of the hyoid ridges

 

The cause of the development of periostitis is

  1. bruise of soft tissues of the face
  2. alveolar fibroma
  3. exacerbation of chronic sinusitis
  4. acute periodontitis
  5. fracture of the condylar process of the mandible

 

Periadenitis is

  1. purulent inflammation of the lymph node
  2. serous infiltration of tissues surrounding the inflammatory lymph node
  3. purulent inflammation of the tissues surrounding the inflammatory lymph node
  4. serous inflammation of the lymph node

 

If the cause of periostitis is a single-rooted tooth, it should be

  1. delete
  2. seal with resorcinol-formalin paste
  3. seal the canal before opening the periostitis
  4. open the tooth cavity before opening the periosteum

 

On the day of treatment for periostitis of the jaws, it is necessary

  1. prescribe physiotherapeutic treatment
  2. open a purulent focus
  3. make a novocaine blockade
  4. start acupuncture

 

What is the number of band neutrophils in the peripheral blood of healthy people?

  1. 2-0.4 09/1
  2. 1-0.2 xyuw/l
  3. 4-0.6 09/1
  4. 6-0.8

 

The cause of the development of periostitis is

  1. bruise of soft tissues of the face
  2. alveolar fibroma
  3. fracture of the condylar process of the mandible
  4. exacerbation of chronic maxillary sinusitis
  5. exacerbation of chronic periodontitis

 

What is the percentage of segmented granulocytes (neutrophils) of the total number of leukocytes in the blood of healthy people

  1. 25-35%
  2. 55-58%
  3. 36-48%
  4. 60-75%
  5. 80-90%

 

What is the number of segmented granulocytes (neutrophils) in the peripheral blood of healthy people

  1. 0-2.ox
  2. 0-14.3
  3. 5-10.5 xY9/l
  4. 3-4.5 x 109/1

 

In case of periostitis, you should

  1. remove the filling
  2. fill a carious cavity
  3. remove the causative tooth
  4. seal the canal before opening the periosteum
  5. expand the tooth-gingival pocket

 

On the day of treatment for periostitis of the jaws, it is necessary

  1. open a purulent focus
  2. make a novocaine blockade
  3. prescribe physiotherapeutic treatment
  4. start acupuncture
  5. administer intramuscular respiratory analeptics

 

Periostitis of the jaws must be differentiated from

  1. acute sialodochitis
  2. chronic maxillary sinusitis
  3. trismus
  4. tooth fracture
  5. acute osteomyelitis

 

What concentrations of dioxidine solution are used to treat purulent wounds?

  1. 1 -296 solutions
  2. 5% solution
  3. 2-3% solutions
  4. 5-1% solutions
  5. 10% solution

 

Intraoral incisions (when opening ulcers) are made in children

  1. the same as in adults
  2. below the transitional fold
  3. above the transitional fold

 

The treatment complex for acute periostitis includes

  1. X-ray therapy
  2. Physiotherapy
  3. chemotherapy
  4. cryotherapy
  5. electrocoagulation

 

If the cause of periostitis is a single-rooted tooth, it should be filled

  1. a week later
  2. after inflammation subsides
  3. if there is drainage
  4. on the third day after drainage removal
  5. immediately after drainage removal

 

The reason for the development of periostitis is

  1. fracture of the articular process of the lower jaw
  2. exacerbation of chronic sinusitis
  3. bruise of soft tissues of the face
  4. alveolar fibroma
  5. pericoronitis

 

The treatment complex for acute periostitis includes

  1. manual
  2. antibacterial +
  3. hypotensive
  4. sedative
  5. radial

 

The typical surgical approach for periostitis consists of an incision

  1. mucous membrane along the pterygomaxillary fold
  2. in the submental area along the midline
  3. mucous membrane and periosteum along the transitional fold
  4. in the submandibular region along the edge of the lower jaw
  5. bordering the angle of the lower jaw

 

The typical surgical approach for the treatment of periostitis consists of an incision

  1. mucous membrane along the pterygomaxillary fold
  2. mucosa and periosteum along the transitional fold
  3. in the chin area along the midline
  4. in the submandibular region along the edge of the lower jaw
  5. bordering the angle of the lower jaw

Periostitis of the jaws must be differentiated from

  1. chronic maxillary sinusitis
  2. acute sialodochitis
  3. trismus
  4. exacerbation of chronic periodontitis
  5. tooth fracture

 

A typical clinical sign of periostitis is

  1. bulging of the hyoid ridges
  2. facial asymmetry
  3. hyperemia and swelling of the transitional fold
  4. mobility of all teeth

 

Is there a relationship between the occurrence and characteristics of the clinical course of acute odontogenic inflammatory diseases depending on the microbial sensitization of the patient?

  1. no, not available
  2. yes, available
  3. Yes, but in rare cases

 

With periostitis, the purulent process is localized under

  1. Periosteum+
  2. muscle
  3. skin
  4. outer cortical plate of the jaw
  5. mucous membrane of the alveolar process

 

The treatment complex for acute periostitis includes

  1. hypotensive
  2. sedative
  3. desensitizing+
  4. manual
  5. radial

 

In acute purulent periostitis of the jaw, an x-ray reveals

  1. bulbous bedding
  2. sequester’s shadow
  3. chronic periodontitis of the causative tooth
  4. foci of bone tissue destruction
  5. focus of osteosclerosis +

 

In case of periostitis, you should

  1. fill a carious cavity
  2. open the tooth cavity
  3. seal the canal before opening the periosteum
  4. remove the filling
  5. expand the tooth-gingival pocket

 

What concentrations of chlorhexidine are used to treat purulent wounds?

  1. 1 -2% solutions
  2. 5% solution
  3. 5-1% solutions
  4. 1 0% solution
  5. 2-0.5% solutions

 

 

7th Test

Osteomyelitis of the jaw bones

 

Are the clinical symptoms of acute (exacerbated chronic) periodontitis significantly different from those of acute odontogenic

  1. No
  2. osteomyelitis in the early stage of inflammation
  3. Yes

 

Classification of clinical and radiological forms of osteomyelitis

  1. Solovyov and I. Khudoyarov (1979)w
  2. M. Alexandrova (1954)
  3. I. Semenchenko (1968)

 

How can we explain the almost complete absence of sequestration of tooth germs in children with odontogenic osteomyelitis?

  1. early surgical intervention both in the acute stage of the disease and during exacerbations
  2. early use of antibiotics

 

 

Primary chronic osteomyelitis occurs

  1. with a temperature reaction, with the formation of fistulas and normal purulent discharge. with extensive destruction of bone tissue
  2. without temperature reaction, Without fistula formation, with slight destruction of bone tissue

When are the first bone changes of odontogenic osteomyelitis detected using radiography?

  1. 2-5 days after the onset of the disease
  2. no earlier than a month after the onset of the disease
  3. for 10-14 days; after the onset of the disease
  4. 6-10 days after the onset of the disease

 

Clinical symptoms in acute odontogenic osteomyelitis are characterized by the clinic

  1. symptoms of all odontogenic inflammatory diseases of the jaws
  2. acute periostitis
  3. acute periodontitis

 

With osteomyelitis of the upper jaw in children, which part of the maxillary bone is predominantly affected?

  1. only medial
  2. lateral and medial
  3. only lateral

 

Osteomyelitis in children, as opposed to adults

  1. liquidated more slowly
  2. liquidated faster

 

Osteomyelitis of the lower jaw in children, which localization occurs most easily

  1. bodies of the lower jaw, the cause of the disease is premolars
  2. bodies of the lower jaw, the cause of the disease is molars
  3. alveolar process
  4. mandibular angle

 

The general condition of patients with acute odontogenic osteomyelitis is often characterized by severity

  1. easy
  2. average
  3. severe
  4. moderate or severe

 

What is the initial manifestation of the involvement of the lower orbital margin in the pathological process in osteomyelitis of the upper

jaw?

  1. bone sequestration
  2. fistulas in the area of the infraorbital margin
  3. abscesses at the inner and outer corner of the eye

 

Sequestral capsule for osteomyelitis of the jaws in the elderly

  1. less pronounced than in young people
  2. the same as for young people
  3. more pronounced than in young people

 

At what age does odontogenic osteomyelitis most otten develop ?

  1. at 40-60 years old
  2. in adolescence
  3. at 16-20 years old
  4. in old age
  5. in childhood
  6. in early childhood
  7. at 20-40 years old

 

The spread of the osteomyelitic process to the body of the jaw is

  1. focal osteomyelitis
  2. diffuse (diffuse) osteomyelitis
  3. limited osteomyelitis

 

In outpatients, osteomyelitis of which jaw is more common?

  1. bottom
  2. top

 

Rare complications of jaw osteomyelitis in children

  1. sinusitis and ethmoiditis
  2. thrombophlebitis of facial veins
  3. dacryocystitis, meningitis
  4. abscesses and phlegmons
  5. sepsis
  6. inflammation of regional nodes

 

Osteomyelitis in older people, unlike young people, occurs

  1. less acute. pain reaction is not pronounced, slight infiltration, sequestration is rarely extensive
  2. no different from that of young people
  3. more acute with severe pain reaction and tissue infiltration. extensive sequestration

 

Suppuration from the nose with osteomyelitis of the upper jaw in children indicates the predominant spread of inflammation to which part of the bone

  1. medial and maxillary sinus
  2. lateral
  3. posterior and ethmoid sinus
  4. anterior and angular vein Of the face

 

How often do abscesses and phlegmons of the infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossae, as well as the temporal region occur with osteomyelitic lesions of the maxillary bone in young children?

  1. rarely
  2. often
  3. Often

 

The fulminant course of osteomyelitis is observed less frequently

  1. in older people
  2. in adults
  3. in children

 

Characteristic pathomorphological signs of odontogenic osteomyelitis

  1. proliferation of fibrous tissue from the site of inflammation
  2. foci of purulent infiltration of the bone marrow, vascular thrombosis, purulent fusion of blood clots, areas of hemorrhage foci of osteonecrosis
  3. presence of bone ossification with symptoms of hyperostosis

What usually appears in cases where odontogenic osteomyelitis in children begins with pus discharge from the nose

  1. fistulas in the area of the infraorbital margin
  2. osteomyelitis of the nasal bones
  3. brain abscesses
  4. phenomena of frontal sinusitis and ethmoiditis
  5. abscesses and phlegmons of the pterygopalatine fossa

 

Acute odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaws is characterized by

  1. limited mouth opening, presence of pus when pressing on the gums
  2. subfebrile body temperature, general condition is not disturbed
  3. high body temperature, the patient’s general condition is serious, mobility of the causative and adjacent teeth, facial asymmetry
  4. complaints of intense pain in the jaw, pain occurs in paroxysms
  5. complaints of periodic aching pain in the tooth

 

Sequestration of the upper jaw in osteomyelitis in children differs from that in the lower jaw

  1. not extensive, comes later
  2. not extensive, comes earlier
  3. extensive, comes later
  4. extensive, comes earlier

 

According to the prevalence of the process in the jaw, they are distinguished

  1. acute, subacute, chronic and aggravated
  2. lytic and sequestering form
  3. purulent destructive and hyperostotic
  4. limited, focal and diffuse
  5. mild, moderate and severe

 

What is not typical for osteomyelitis of the lower jaw in children over 3 years of age?

  1. may lead to partial edentia
  2. the child’s process is eliminated faster
  3. more rapid onset in children
  4. extensive sequestration
  5. is more often of odontogenic origin
  6. can lead to deformation of the lower jaw and malocclusion

 

X-ray signs of acute odontogenic osteomyelitis in the first days of its development

  1. signs of periodontitis
  2. areas of necrosis, sequestration, sequestral capsule
  3. foci of bone loss of various sizes

 

Are there significant clinical differences between acute odontogenic periostitis and acute odontogenic osteomyelitis in the early stage Of

inflammation?

  1. There are few significant differences (radiography and disease severity)
  2. no, there are no significant differences
  3. There are many significant differences (pain, mobility and percussion of teeth, swelling of the jaw and soft tissues, etc.)

How does odontogenic osteomyelitis of the upper jaw occur in childhood, in contrast to that in the lower jaw?

  1. the same
  2. heavier
  3. easier

 

Which osteomyelitis of the lower jaw in children is most severe, when localized in the area

  1. jaw body, the cause of the disease is premolars
  2. alveolar process
  3. jaw body. the cause of the disease is molars
  4. mandibular angle

 

Bone tissue at the site of osteomyelitic inflammation becomes nonviable

  1. 5-10 days from the onset of the disease
  2. 10-14 days from the onset of the disease
  3. 2-4 days from the onset of the disease
  4. 14-20 days from the onset of the disease

 

Acute osteomyelitis of the upper jaw in young children has a tendency to

  1. widespread damage to the bone and surrounding soft tissues
  2. limited bone damage
  3. both limited and widespread damage to the bone and surrounding soft tissues

 

In hospitalized patients, osteomyelitis of which jaw is more common?

  1. top
  2. bottom

 

What processes are observed in the jaw with chronic osteomyelitis

  1. regeneration
  2. destruction
  3. destruction and regeneration

 

What form of osteomyelitis is more common in the upper jaw in children than in the lower jaw?

  1. cortical osteomyelitis
  2. hyperostotic
  3. spilled
  4. limited
  5. nesting

 

Chronic odontogenic osteomyelitis is characterized by

  1. decrease in the number of leukocytes to the upper limit of normal, normalization of the number of band cells, decrease in ESR
  2. appearance of young neutrophilic leukocytes
  3. the appearance of protein in the urine
  4. anisocytosis

 

What treatment is carried out during the formation of sequestration?

  1. increasing immunity, dental prosthetics, sanitation of the oral cavity and nasopharynx
  2. measures are aimed at fighting infection, preserving microcirculation, reducing vascular permeability, sequestrectomy
  3. opening the source of inflammation, preventing the development of infection and the formation of necrosis along the periphery of the pathological focus, reducing vascular permeability, reducing intoxication, symptomatic treatment

 

How long does the chronic stage of odontogenic osteomyelitis of the mandible in the ramus last?

  1. 3-4 weeks
  2. 4-6 weeks, and sometimes several months and even years
  3. 1-2 weeks
  4. no more than 4-6 weeks

 

Which theory of the origin of osteomyelitis is most correct?

  1. all theories complement each other
  2. influence of adrenal hormones
  3. infectious-embolic theory
  4. allergic theory of Derizhanov
  5. theory of neurotrophic disorders

 

According to the nature of the clinical course, osteomyelitis is distinguished

  1. acute, subacute, chronic and aggravated
  2. lytic and sequestering form
  3. mild, moderate and severe
  4. limited, focal and diffuse

 

Osteomyelitis is

  1. infectious-allergic, purulent-necrotic process that develops in the bone under the influence of external or internal factors
  2. a disease characterized by the spread of the inflammatory process from the periodontium to the periosteum of the alveolar process and the body of the jaw
  3. an inflammatory process that affects periodontal tissue and spreads to the adjacent bone structures
  4. inflammatory process in the bone tissue of the jaw

 

What pathomorphological changes are observed in odontogenic osteomyelitis

  1. inflammation and destruction of periodontium
  2. purulent infiltration of the bone marrow, vascular thrombosis, purulent fusion of blood clots, areas of hemorrhage and osteonecrosis
  3. purulent-inflammatory process in the jaw and surrounding tissues
  4. inflammation and destruction of the periodontium, purulent-inflammatory process in the periosteum

 

How the lower orbital edge of the maxillary bone is affected in osteomyelitis of the upper jaw in children

  1. only partially
  2. only completely
  3. fully or partially

Which term is not synonymous with “osteomyelitis”

  1. arthritis
  2. osteitis
  3. cellulitis of the bones
  4. panostitis
  5. haversite

 

Drug treatment in the acute phase of odontogenic osteomyelitis

  1. promotes abortion
  2. does not contribute to abortive course and acute osteomyelitis becomes chronic

 

Osteomyelitis of the lower jaw, in contrast to a similar lesion of the upper jaw, is characterized by

  1. milder course, less frequent and varied complications, minor sequestration
  2. more severe course, more frequent and varied complications, extensive sequestration
  3. similar course on both jaws

 

How common is osteomyelitis of the lower jaw in children before the eruption of baby teeth?

  1. Often
  2. Often
  3. rarely

 

The sequestrap capsule on the upper jaw, with osteomyelitis in children, differs from that on the lower jaw in that

  1. extensive
  2. same as on the bottom
  3. practically not formed

 

Does acute odontogenic osteomyelitis always end in sequestration, i.e. becomes chronic

  1. always ends in sequestration
  2. does not always end in sequestration
  3. may not end in sequestration only if pathogenetic treatment was carried out from the first days of the development of the disease (on days 1 – 2)

 

The first clinical sign of sequestral rejection in odontogenic osteomyelitis

  1. blood test data
  2. the appearance of fistulas on the alveolar process of the jaw
  3. protrusion of granulations from the fistula tract
  4. X-ray data
  5. tooth mobility

 

 

Test 8th (Trauma of the maxillofacial reign)

 

Select all correct answer options. What is the role of temporary immobilization

  1. prevent infection
  2. reduce pain
  3. bring fragments normal anatomical position
  4. reduce the risk of asphyxia
  5. reduce bleeding

 

The first stage of medical evacuation, where the dentist appears

  1. srting point
  2. field mobile specialized hospital
  3. regiment medical center
  4. specialized hospital department
  5. separate medical battalion

 

Classification of soft tissue wounds of the maxillofacial area is carried out in accordance with

  1. affected tissue
  2. topographic area (chin, etc.)
  3. traumatic agent (aggression, traffic accident, work)
  4. anatomical and pathological form
  5. time elapsed after the incident (acute, chronic, festering)
  6. all answers are correct

 

Features of primary surgical treatment of wounds in the maxillofacial area are:

  1. stop bleeding, antiseptic treatment, sutures and bandages
  2. economical excision of tissue in the wound area, use of primary plastic surgery, wound suturing (suturing the mucus membrane t the skin)
  3. antiseptic treatment, suturing and bandaging
  4. excision of necrotic tissue, removal of blood clots, wound drainage
  5. antiseptic treatment, excision of necrotic tissue, suturing the wound on itself

 

Delayed primary surgical treatment is performed

  1. after 48 hours
  2. after the appearance of granulations in the wound
  3. 24 to 48 hours after injury
  4. first 24 hours
  5. after the beginning of epithelization of the wound edges

 

Dislocations of the lower jaw associated with joint disease leading to disruption of the articular surfaces of the bones are

  1. traumatic
  2. familiar
  3. pathological

 

In case of tooth trauma (bruise, dislocation), the first signs of hematoma of the pulp cavity (change in enamel color) appear in the area

  1. answers 2+4
  2. cutting edge or chewing surface
  3. vestibular surface
  4. mesial or distal surfaces
  5. oral surface

 

Select all correct answer options. Post-traumatic asphyxia may occur due to

  1. spasmodic narrowing of the airways
  2. displacement of the velum in case of fractures of the v.ch.
  3. Comminuted fracture of the chin area
  4. no answer is correct
  5. swelling of the larynx when a hematoma occurs

 

Select all correct answer options. Tooth luxation occurs as a result

  1. complete rupture of the dentoalveolar ligament
  2. fracture of the upper or lower jaw
  3. alveolar bone fracture
  4. in none of the above situations
  5. bruise or partial rupture of the dentoalveolar ligament

 

With an impacted tooth dislocation, the following diagnostic signs are possible:

  1. On the radiograph, the periodontal gap is widened
  2. its cutting or chewing surface is located below the adjacent teeth
  3. answers 1+3
  4. The periodontal fissure is not visible on the radiograph
  5. answers 1+2

 

 

Select all correct answer options. The most severe common early complications of jaw fractures

  1. phlegmon, acute osteomyelitis, sinusitis
  2. traumatic shock
  3. occlusion disorders
  4. concussion
  5. heavy bleeding

 

The optimal method of transport immobilization for jaw fractures is

  1. gypsum bandage
  2. Hippocrates cap
  3. circular parietomental bandage
  4. compression-distraction device
  5. Pomerantseva-Urbanskaya bandage-

 

Periodically recurring dislocations of the lower jaw are

  1. traumatic
  2. pathological
  3. familiar

 

In case of incomplete lateral tooth dislocation, the following diagnostic signs are possible:

  1. the tooth is motionless
  2. the tooth is located outside the dental arch and is held only by the mucous membrane
  3. the tooth is located in the hole “deeper” than the neighboring teeth and has no contact with antagonists
  4. On the radiograph, the periodontal fissure is widened
  5. The periodontal fissure is not visible on the radiograph

 

 

The primary delayed suture for facial wounds is applied

  1. 6-7 days
  2. 7-8 days
  3. 8-9 days
  4. 4-5 days
  5. 9-10 days

 

Methods of temporary immobilization jaw fractures at the stages of pre-hospital evacuation

  1. dental splints
  2. compression – distraction device
  3. orthopedic device
  4. improvised bandages
  5. bone suture

 

Select all correct answer options. MCLs are divided int three main floors

  1. upper
  2. average
  3. rear
  4. side
  5. lower

 

Late secondary suture facial wounds is applied

  1. after rejection of necrotic tissues and the appearance of granulations
  2. after reducing tissue swelling
  3. 4-5 days
  4. after epithelization of the wound
  5. with the beginning of scar formation

 

First medical aid to those wounded in the maxillofacial area is provided in

  1. separate medical battalion
  2. regiment medical center
  3. sorting point
  4. battalion medical center
  5. field mobile specialized hospital

 

An early secondary suture facial wounds is applied

  1. after reducing tissue swelling
  2. 8-9 days
  3. after rejection of necrotic tissues and the appearance of granulations
  4. 4-5 days
  5. after epithelization of the wound

 

Taking into account the time elapsed form the moment of injury, dislocations of the lower jaw are divided into

  1. front and rear
  2. sharp and old
  3. traumatic, habitual, pathological
  4. complete and incomplete
  5. one-sided and two-sided

 

Late primary surgical treatment of facial wounds is carried out after

  1. 48 hours
  2. 72 hours
  3. 24 hours
  4. 8-12 hours
  5. 8 days

 

Dislocations of the lower jaw caused by mechanical impact are

  1. familiar
  2. pathological
  3. traumatic

 

Subluxation is

  1. acute dislocation
  2. complete acute dislocation
  3. old dislocation
  4. lateral dislocation
  5. incomplete dislocation
  6. fracture- dislocation

 

According to the mechanism of occurrence, dislocations of the lower jaw are distinguished

  1. one-sided and two-sided
  2. sharp and old
  3. complete and incomplete
  4. front and rear
  5. traumatic, habitual, pathological

 

Depending on the direction of displacement of the articular head, dislocations occur

  1. complete and incomplete, traumatic, habitual, pathological
  2. sharp and old
  3. front and rear
  4. one-sided and two-sided

 

Early surgical treatment is carried out in

  1. first 6 hours
  2. after the appearance of granulations in the wound
  3. after 48 hours
  4. first 24 hours
  5. 24 to 48 hours after injury

 

Indicate the diagnosis corresponding to the following clinical picture – wide open mouth, displacement of the chin down and forward, severe pain, speech is difficult, chewing is impossible. On both sides in front of the tragus of the ear there is a recession, a protrusion is determined under the zygomatic arch

  1. unilateral dislocation of the lower jaw
  2. bilateral posterior dislocation of the mandible
  3. bilateral anterior dislocation of the mandible
  4. bilateral fracture of the lower jaw along the condylar processes with displacement

 

 

What kind of dislocating causes rupture of the joint capsule?

  1. anterior dislocation
  2. bilateral dislocation
  3. acute dislocation
  4. unilateral dislocation
  5. incomplete dislocation
  6. posterior dislocation
  7. habitual dislocation habitual dislcation

 

Classificatin of soft tissue wounds of the maxillofacial area is carried out in accordance with

  1. traumatic agent (aggression, traffic accident, work)
  2. topographic area (chin, etc.)
  3. anatomical and pathological form
  4. all answers are crrect
  5. affected tissues
  6. time elapsed after the incident (acute, chronic, reinfected)

 

Depending on the location of the dislocation, they may be

  1. front and rear
  2. sharp and old
  3. one-sided and two-sided
  4. cmplete and incmplete
  5. traumatic, habitual, pathological

 

First pre-hospital medical aid for these wounded in the maxillofacial area is provided in

  1. sorting point
  2. regiment medical center
  3. battalion medical center
  4. separate medical battalion
  5. field mbile specialized hspital

 

Does the joint capsule rupture during anterior dislocating of the mandible?

  1. is torn
  2. desn’t break

 

The main task of pre-hospital medical care for wounded in the maxillofacial area

  1. eliminate the threat of asphyxia
  2. move ot shelter
  3. take anamnesis
  4. get a medical card
  5. feed the wunded

 

Select all correct answer options. Emergency care for combined injuries includes

  1. emergency care for shock
  2. stop bleeding
  3. support of vital systems
  4. none of these options
  5. application of an aseptic dressing and temporary immobilization of bone fragments+

 

Methods of temporary immobilization for jaw fractures at the stages of pre-hospital evacuation

  1. orthopedic device
  2. standard dressings
  3. cmpressin-distractin device
  4. dental splints
  5. bone suture

 

What is the main reason that the maxillofacial area is more susceptible to injury?

  1. unprotected (all traumatic agents are often directed towards the face), predisposed, fragile
  2. important organs are located in this area (eyes, ears, nose, salivary glands, etc.)
  3. rich in blood vessels, nerves, lymph nodes, etc.
  4. all answers are correct
  5. thin skin, connective tissue – practically no adipose tissue

 

Normally, the articular head f the lower jaw is located

  1. at the apex of the articular tubercle
  2. on the posterior slope of the articular tubercle
  3. on the anterior slope of the articular tubercle

 

The task of pre-hospital medical care for wounded in the maxillofacial area

  1. feed the wunded
  2. temprary stop of bleeding
  3. move to shelter
  4. take anamnesis
  5. get a medical card

 

Transport immobilization is imposed for a period

  1. 7 days
  2. 2 weeks
  3. 6 weeks
  4. 3-5 days

 

In wounds of the maxillofacial area, the affected tissues may be

  1. cranial nerves (trigeminal, facial, hypoglossal, etc.)
  2. deep (skin, muscles, glands, mucosa)
  3. with or without tissue defect
  4. all answers are crrect
  5. branches of the external carotid artery
  6. superficial (skin, muscles)

 

Scope of assistance for injuries to the face and jaws provided at SVPKhG (VPNhG)

  1. preparation for evacuation to the rear hospital base
  2. specialized complete surgical treatment of wounds with plastic elements
  3. final stop of bleeding, recovery from shock

 

Transport immobilization for jaw fractures is carried out

  1. cmpressin-distractin device
  2. circular parietmental bandage
  3. Smooth splint
  4. plaster cast
  5. Zbarzh apparatus

 

The main task of pre-hospital medical care for wounded in the maxillofacial area

  1. anti-shock measures
  2. get a medical card
  3. feed the wounded
  4. take anamnesis
  5. move to shelter

 

 

Depending on the size of the divergence of the articular surfaces, dislocations of the lower jaw can be

  1. sharp and old
  2. traumatic, habitual, pathological
  3. front and rear
  4. complete and incomplete
  5. one-sided and two-sided

 

What kind of dislocation causes a fracture of the bone wall of the external auditory canal?

  1. old dislocation
  2. acute dislocation
  3. anterior dislocation
  4. posterior dislocation
  5. habitual dislocation

 

In case of incomplete or impacted dislocation, it is indicated as an emergency aid

  1. its immediate extraction
  2. its immediate replantation with socket revision and root canal filling
  3. reduction into the dental arch with reliable fixation to adjacent teeth and observation (possibly delayed canal filling after 4 weeks)
  4. delayed replantation
  5. observation

 

With an impacted tooth dislocation

  1. delete
  2. no manipulations are performed
  3. set and not fixed
  4. fixed with a smooth splint to the teeth
  5. Replant

 

 

Test 9th (Abscesses and phlegmons. 4th Year)

 

The most important thing for the movement of bacteria is

  1. liquid medium
  2. Body temperature
  3. oxygen environment
  4. dry surface

 

Abscess is

  1. diffuse inflammatory process in soft subcutaneous tissues, intermuscular and parenchymal organs
  2. purulent localized, limited inflammation
  3. no definition fits
  4. inflammatory process of tissues
  5. this is a diffuse process in bone tissue

 

You can get tuberculosis infection

  1. all of the above are true
  2. if you drink milk from infectious cows
  3. come into contact with infected instruments
  4. inhale anti-sneeze aerosol
  5. contact with infectious people

 

The statements are true regarding the hepatitis virus

  1. all of the above is true
  2. the virus can be transmitted by saliva aerosol
  3. that even small quantities of infectious material can infect
  4. viruses are quite resistant to disinfectants
  5. The virus is quite resistant to temperature

 

How to distinguish purulent periostitis of the upper jaw from an abscess of the infraorbital region

  1. by the presence of smoothness (bulging) of the mucous membrane along the transitional fold
  2. according to the severity of body temperature
  3. by the presence of fluctuation
  4. according to the severity of intoxication of the body

 

For phlegmon of the cheek

  1. diffuse swelling of the soft tissues of the cheek, smoothness of the nasolabial fold, painful opening of the mouth
  2. severe restriction of mouth opening
  3. limited infiltration in the center of the cheek, mouth opening is free, pain when swallowing

 

Facultative aerobes

  1. do not require pure oxygen
  2. prefer to exist with pure oxygen
  3. prefer pure oxygen, but can live without it
  4. need only pure oxygen

 

The following set of signs is most typical for phlegmon of the cheek:

  1. acute onset; heat; difficulty swallowing; fluctuation; periodontal molar
  2. acute onset; heat; limited infiltration; periodontitis premolar; limited mouth opening
  3. acute onset; low-grade fever; fluctuation; profuse salivation
  4. acute onset; heat; diffuse infiltration; periodontitis molar; fluctuation
  5. the disease develops gradually; heat; limited infiltration in the center of the cheek; fluctuation; profuse salivation

 

Can gauze swabs soaked in a hypertonic solution be used as drainage devices to treat purulent wounds?

  1. it is impossible, because after 2 hours these tampons dry out and prevent the outflow of exudate
  2. you can always
  3. it is impossible, because after 6 hours these tampons dry out and prevent the outflow of exudate
  4. possible, but no more than two days

 

Select only aerobic forms from all types of microorganisms

  1. pneumococcus, peptostreptococcus, Escherichia coli
  2. peptostreptococcus, veillonella, bacteroid, bifidobacterium
  3. staphylococcus, bacteroid
  4. staphylococcus, pneumococcus, E. coli
  5. Veillonella, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus

 

What concentrations of dioxidine solution are used to treat purulent wounds?

  1. 5% solution
  2. 2-0.5% solutions
  3. 2-3% solutions
  4. 1-2% solutions
  5. 10% solution

 

The main source of infection of the buccal area is pathological processes arising in

  1. premolars and molars of the lower and upper jaws
  2. premolars and molars of the lower jaw
  3. premolars and molars of the upper jaw
  4. incisors, canines, premolars and molars of the upper jaw

 

Bacteria that require oxygen to grow are called

  1. aerobes (obligate)
  2. facultative aerobes
  3. facultative anaerobes
  4. anaerobes

 

How to distinguish purulent periostitis of the upper jaw from an abscess of the infraorbital region

  1. according to the severity of body temperature
  2. by the presence of fluctuation
  3. by the presence of smoothness (bulging) of the mucous membrane along the transitional fold
  4. according to the severity of intoxication of the body

 

With phlegmon of the buccal region, the clinical picture is characterized by

  1. pronounced swelling of the cheeks with hyperemia of the skin, tension of the skin
  2. pronounced swelling of the tissues of the buccal area
  3. pain on palpation, fluctuation is detected
  4. smoothing nasolabial folds
  5. all answers are correct
  6. the mucous membrane in the cheek area is hyperemic, the presence of dental imprints covered with plaque

 

When diagnosing phlegmon of the cheek, one should

  1. remove the causative tooth, apply a bandage according to Dubrovin’s method
  2. puncture the skin and release pus
  3. send to hospital
  4. open the phlegmon with a wide incision through the skin
  5. perform a puncture, remove pus and administer antibiotics

 

Trismus is

  1. tonic muscle contraction
  2. alternating tonic and clonic muscle contraction
  3. muscle relaxation
  4. alternating tonic contraction with muscle relaxation
  5. clonic muscle contraction

 

It is typical for phlegmon of the cheek

  1. slow onset, Iow-grade fever, limited infiltration, chronic periodontitis of the canine, severe limitation of mouth opening
  2. acute onset, high temperature, diffuse infiltrate and swelling of the buccal mucosa, chronic molar periodontitis

 

The following set of signs is most typical for phlegmon of the root of the tongue:

  1. acute onset; molar is destroyed; increased body temperature; infiltration between the tongue and the body of the lower jaw, pain when moving the tongue
  2. increase in tongue size; limitation of tongue mobility; mouth half open; sharp radiating pain; difficulty swallowing and breathing

 

A typical clinical sign of phlegmon of the floor of the mouth is

  1. swelling and hyperemia of the buccal areas
  2. hyperemia of the skin in the lower lip area
  3. swelling of the pterygomaxillary fold
  4. lockjaw
  5. soft tissue infiltration in the submandibular and submental areas

 

Indications for hospitalization of adult patients with acute odontogenic infection

  1. patient’s wish
  2. the presence of a concomitant disease in the compensation stage
  3. pregnancy
  4. patient’s age
  5. presence of somatic diseases in the stage of decompensation

 

In a dental clinic, to clarify the diagnosis of phlegmon, it is necessary to carry out additional (Multiple)

  1. radiography
  2. EDI
  3. blood analysis
  4. thermometry

 

The main source of infection of the buccal area is pathological processes arising in

  1. premolars and molars of the lower jaw
  2. incisors, canines, premolars and molars of the upper and lower jaws
  3. premolars and molars of the upper jaw
  4. premolars and molars of the upper and lower jaws

 

Purulent-inflammatory processes in the maxillofacial area arise as a result of the action of bacteria (Multiple)

  1. anaerobic
  2. only aerobic and facultative
  3. only anaerobic
  4. Optional
  5. Aerobic

 

Most reliably removes bacteria

  1. disinfection
  2. freezing
  3. sterilization
  4. dissolution

 

Microorganisms that cannot survive in the presence of oxygen

  1. facultative anaerobes
  2. strict aerobes
  3. strict anaerobes
  4. facultative aerobes

 

When diagnosing odontogenic phlegmon of the infraorbital region at an outpatient appointment in a surgical clinic, the clinic should

  1. refer the patient for hospitalization independently
  2. remove the causative tooth and make an incision along the transitional fold with dissection of the periosteum. and then hospitalize the patient
  3. call an ambulance and send to the hospital
  4. remove the causative tooth and send it to hospital
  5. conduct an X-ray examination, remove the causative tooth, prescribe antibiotics and observe the patient

 

This is phlegmon

  1. encapsulated formation
  2. process with fibrous infiltration
  3. this is purulent diffuse inflammation
  4. process with serous infiltration
  5. this is a purulent localized inflammation

 

To drain purulent wounds of soft tissues, you should use

  1. rubber tubes
  2. rubber strips
  3. smooth wall tubes
  4. gauze swabs soaked in hypertonic solution
  5. tubes along with gauze strips

 

Clinical symptoms of abscess (phlegmon) of the infraorbital region are (Multiple)

  1. slight numbness of the upper lip
  2. swelling along the transitional fold in the area of the vestibule of the oral cavity
  3. swelling of the upper lip and smoothing of the nasolabial fold
  4. swelling of the infraorbital region, lower eyelid
  5. deviation of the nasal wing to the healthy side

 

How often do you need to tighten drains when treating phlegmon?

  1. every hour and a half
  2. 5-6 times a day
  3. 1-2 times a day
  4. if the drainage is good, there is no need to tighten it-

Does not contain in pustular discharge

  1. leukocytes
  2. lymph
  3. polysaccharides
  4. bacteria

 

The clinical picture of an abscess of the zygomatic region is expressed (Multiple)

  1. swelling may spread to nearby areas (temporal, infraorbital parotid)
  2. in some cases, the masticatory muscle may be involved in the process
  3. none of the above symptoms are present
  4. increase in local temperature
  5. swelling, hyperemia of the skin of the zygomatic area

 

The very first barrier that protects the human body from infection is

  1. leather
  2. antibodies
  3. lymphatic system
  4. gastrointestinal acid

 

Abscesses and phlegmons of the zygomatic region, according to the anatomical and topographic classification, belong to

  1. superficial adjacent to the upper jaw
  2. deep adjacent to the lower jaw
  3. abscesses and phlegmons of areas adjacent to the maxillary tissues
  4. superficial adjacent to the lower jaw
  5. deep adjacent to the upper jaw

 

It is typical for phlegmon of the cheek (Multiple)

  1. diffuse swelling of the soft tissues of the cheek
  2. opening the mouth is painful
  3. difficulty breathing through the nose on one side
  4. mouth opening freely
  5. smoothness of the nasolabial fold

 

Most resistant to boiling at 1000C for 10 minutes

  1. Proteus
  2. staphylococcus
  3. tubercle bacilli
  4. gonococcus
  5. hepatitis virus

 

For phlegmon of the infraorbital region, the following set of anatomical boundaries is correct:

  1. inferoorbital rim; lateral border of the nose; dog pit; zygomaticalveolar ridge
  2. inferoorbital rim; lateral border of the nose; alveolar process of the maxilla; cheekbone
  3. inferoorbital rim; lateral border of the nose; alveolar process of the maxilla; tubercle of the maxilla

 

What cell space does not communicate with the cell space of the zygomatic region?

  1. with buccal tissue
  2. with fiber of the infraorbital region
  3. with tissue of the temporal region
  4. with pterygomandibular space
  5. with fiber of the parotid-masticatory area

 

Which cellular space does not communicate with the cellular space of the zygomatic region?

  1. with fiber of the parotid-masticatory area
  2. with fiber of the infratemporal and temporal fossae
  3. with pterygomandibular space
  4. with buccal tissue

 

Viral hepatitis (virus B) can be transmitted

  1. blood
  2. aerobic microorganisms
  3. urine
  4. saliva

 

Complete absence of microorganisms is ensured

  1. disinfection
  2. asepsis
  3. antiseptic
  4. bacteriostatic

 

Time required for bacteria to reproduce

  1. 45 min
  2. 10 min
  3. 2 hours
  4. 15 minutes
  5. 30 min

 

Phlegmon of the floor of the mouth must be differentiated from

  1. phlegmon of the buccal area
  2. carbuncle of the lower lip
  3. phlegmon of the temporal region
  4. trismus
  5. Ludwig’s tonsillitis

 

The ratio of the occurrence of abscesses and phlegmons

  1. equally common
  2. abscesses are more common than cellulitis
  3. Cellulitis is more common than abscesses

 

The main source of infection of the buccal area is pathological processes arising in (Multiple)

  1. incisors, canines, premolars and molars of the upper jaw
  2. molars of the upper and lower jaws
  3. premolars and molars of the upper jaw
  4. premolars and molars of the lower jaw
  5. premolars of the upper and lower jaws

 

Choose only anaerobic forms from all types

  1. peptostreptococcus, Escherichia coli, pneumococcus
  2. staphylococcus, bacteroid, peptostreptococcus, veillonella
  3. peptostreptococcus, veillonella, bacteroid, bifidobacterium
  4. staphylococcus, peptococcus, Escherichia coli
  5. Veillonella, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus, Fusobacterium

 

What concentrations of chlorhexidine are used to treat purulent wounds?

  1. 2-0.5% solutions
  2. 5-1% solutions
  3. 10% solution
  4. 5% solutions
  5. 1-2% solutions

 

The most favourable temperature for the proliferation of microorganisms

  1. 70C
  2. 2K
  3. 2K
  4. 34.0 C
  5. 50 c

 

The virus may be detected in a carrier of viral hepatitis

  1. in saliva and blood
  2. in blood
  3. in all of the above
  4. in feces
  5. in saliva

Test No :10 (Oncology of the maxillofacial area)

 

A complete salivary fistula occurs as a result

  1. bending of the intraglandular part of the duct
  2. complete intersection or rupture of the duct
  3. duct wall defect write the

 

Odontogenic tumors include

  1. myxoma of the jaw
  2. chondroma
  3. ameloblastoma
  4. Ewing’s sarcoma
  5. eosinophilic granuloma

 

The treatment method for congenital lateral neck cyst is

  1. surgery followed by radiation therapy
  2. surgical
  3. radiation therapy
  4. 1) and (3) are true
  5. Cryodestruction

 

Doughy consistency is typical for

  1. hemangiomas
  2. fibroids
  3. angiodysplasia
  4. lymphangiomas
  5. paramaxillary phlegmon

 

An odontogenic tumor is

  1. eosinophilic granuloma
  2. giant cell tumor
  3. desmoplastic fibroma
  4. ameloblastoma
  5. osteoma

 

Which nerve does not pass through the parotid gland?

  1. posterior auricular nerve
  2. facial nerve
  3. nerve fibers from the ear ganglion

 

Histiocytosis X refers to

  1. myxoma of the jaw bones
  2. melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy
  3. ameloblastoma
  4. neurofibromatosis
  5. eosinophilic granuloma

 

From which cyst do epithelial cords arise with the subsequent development of “daughter” cysts?

  1. Follicular
  2. non-odontogenic
  3. epidermoid

 

Exostoses include

  1. both options are correct
  2. congenital jaw deformities
  3. there is no right answer
  4. bone deformities of the jaws that occur after tooth extraction

 

A true non-odontogenic tumor is

  1. eosinophilic granuloma
  2. giant cell tumor
  3. fibrous dysplasia
  4. ameloblastoma
  5. ameloblastic fibroma

 

 

What is not synonymous with parenchymal mumps

  1. chronic sialectatic parotitis
  2. Küttner’s inflammatory tumor
  3. chronic recurrent parotitis

 

The main cause of mandibular dislocation is

  1. Inferior macrognathia
  2. reduction in the height of the articular tubercle
  3. decrease in bite height

 

Sclerosing therapy is indicated in the treatment

  1. hemangiomas
  2. papillomatosis
  3. retention cyst
  4. fibromatosis
  5. true 3) and 4)

 

Epulid is

  1. malignant tumor
  2. tumor-like disease
  3. Inflammatory periodontal disease

 

A true benign tumor is

  1. giant cell epulis
  2. angiodysplasia
  3. eosinophilic granuloma
  4. fibrous dysplasia
  5. traumatic bone cyst

 

Violation of the process of tooth formation – partial primary adentia, characteristic of

  1. Ewing’s sarcoma
  2. fibroids
  3. osteomas
  4. reticular sarcoma
  5. Cherubism

 

It is recommended to treat capillary and limited capillary-cavernous hemangiomas in children using the

  1. X-ray
  2. chemotherapy
  3. surgical
  4. cryodestruction
  5. combined

 

A true benign tumor is

  1. Albright’s syndrome
  2. eosinophilic granuloma
  3. osteoma
  4. Cherubism
  5. follicular cyst

 

Method for preventing the development of wound infection in a gunshot wound

  1. prescription of anti-inflammatory drugs
  2. prescription of antibacterial agents
  3. early surgical treatment

 

When diagnosing neoplasms in children, the leading method is

  1. morphological
  2. macroscopy of postoperative material
  3. X-ray
  4. clinical
  5. cytological

 

A feature of most neoplasms in children is their

  1. dysontogenetic origin
  2. true 3) and 4)
  3. slow growth
  4. high sensitivity to chemotherapy
  5. high sensitivity to R-therapy

 

Electrocoagulation as an independent method of treatment is recommended in the treatment of

  1. pigmented nevus
  2. cavernous hemangioma
  3. solitary telangiectasia
  4. lymphangiomas
  5. hairy nevus

 

The “superior dental plexus” is

  1. anastomoses of the 11, Ill branches of the trigeminal nerve
  2. anastomoses of the I, 11 branches of the trigeminal nerve
  3. anastomoses of the superior alveolar branches

 

The leading method of treating neoplasms in children is

  1. combined
  2. hormone therapy
  3. chemotherapy
  4. surgical
  5. radiation therapy

 

The most common surgical procedure performed in a dental surgery office

  1. taking a biopsy
  2. removal of tumors
  3. tooth extraction

 

Inflammatory processes in the area of the nasolabial lymph node differ in their

  1. limitation, protracted course, tendency to relapse
  2. prevalence of the process, protracted course, relapses
  3. prevalence of the process, acute course, lack of tendency to relapse

 

Dimensional instability is typical for

  1. papillomas
  2. neurofibromatosis
  3. fibroids
  4. salivary gland retention cyst
  5. osteomas

 

Upon examination of the patient, he was diagnosed with an incomplete internal lateral fistula of the neck. What treatment should be used for this patient?

  1. removal of the fistula to the hyoid bone with resection of the body of the hyoid bone
  2. removal of a fistula that begins on the skin and extends to the level of the thyroid cartilage
  3. removal of a fistula that begins at the level of the thyroid cartilage and extends to the palatine tonsil

 

Children have the ability to spontaneous regression

  1. osteogenic sarcoma
  2. capillary hemangioma
  3. fibroma
  4. angiodysplasia
  5. osteoma

 

A true benign tumor is

  1. chondroma
  2. follicular cyst
  3. eosinophilic granuloma
  4. aneurysmal cyst
  5. Cherubism

 

Manifestation of Gardner’s syndrome in the maxillofacial area

  1. deformation of the ears, pre-auricular fistulas
  2. congenital cleft palate
  3. multiple osteomas of the jaw and facial bones
  4. congenital fistulas on the lower lip
  5. protruding ears

 

When diagnosing neoplasms in children, the leading method is

  1. morphological
  2. X-ray
  3. cytological
  4. macroscopy of postoperative material
  5. angiography

 

Clinical signs similar to exacerbation of chronic osteomyelitis are characterized by

  1. fibrous dysplasia
  2. Cherubism
  3. Ewing’s sarcoma
  4. Albright’s syndrome
  5. osteogenic sarcoma

 

The lower border of the sublingual region is

  1. mucous membrane of the floor of the mouth
  2. mylohyoid muscle
  3. genioglossus muscle

 

The reason for the development of periostitis is

  1. exacerbation of chronic sinusitis
  2. alveolar fibroma
  3. pericoronitis

 

A true benign tumor is

  1. ossifying fibroma
  2. Albright’s syndrome
  3. globulomaxillary cyst
  4. traumatic bone cyst
  5. odontogenic cyst

 

Treatment of retention cyst of the minor salivary gland is recommended by

  1. hormone therapy
  2. sclerosis
  3. surgical
  4. radiation therapy
  5. combined

 

The presence of vesicular rashes with serous or bloody contents on the mucous membrane is a pathognomonic sign

  1. hemangiomas
  2. retention cyst
  3. lymphangiomas
  4. papillomas
  5. fibroids

 

Direction of large lymphatic vessels

  1. corresponds to the course of blood vessels
  2. does not correspond to the course of nerves
  3. does not correspond to the course of blood vessels

 

The presence of sebaceous and sweat gland products in the cyst cavity is characteristic of a cyst.

  1. mid neck
  2. epidermoid
  3. inflammatory root
  4. dermoid
  5. teething

 

Focal hyperpigmentation of the skin, early puberty, lesions of the facial bones are characteristic signs

  1. eosinophilic granuloma
  2. Ewing’s sarcoma
  3. Albright’s syndrome
  4. reticular sarcoma
  5. neurofibromatosis

 

The final diagnosis for suspected tumor is made based on

  1. echography
  2. computed tomography
  3. macroscopy of postoperative material
  4. needle biopsy
  5. morphological study of postoperative material

 

Doctor’s tactics regarding eruption cysts

  1. puncture of the cyst followed by cytological examination
  2. performing cystotomy with tooth preservation
  3. expectant (observation)
  4. cystectomy with tooth extraction
  5. 4) and 2) are true

 

Macrodentia, enlarged auricle, pigment spots on the skin of the body are characteristic of

  1. 1) and 3) are true
  2. lymphangiomas
  3. neurofibromatosis
  4. hemangiomas
  5. Cherubism

 

Size instability and a tendency to inflammation are characteristic of

  1. papillomatosis
  2. fibroids
  3. hemangiomas
  4. lymphangiomas
  5. osteomas

 

The most optimal age for primary uranostaphyloplasty

  1. preschool age
  2. junior school
  3. high school senior

 

General anesthesia is

  1. conduction anesthesia
  2. vagosympathetic blockade
  3. endotracheal anesthesia

 

A true benign tumor is

  1. perihilar inflammatory cyst
  2. fibrous dysplasia
  3. exostosis
  4. osteoclastoma
  5. traumatic bone cyst

 

A true benign tumor is

  1. Cherubism
  2. Osteoma
  3. traumatic bone cyst
  4. perihilar inflammatory cyst
  5. exostosis

 

The angular artery is a branch

  1. facial artery
  2. superficial temporal artery
  3. maxillary artery

 

When which branch of the facial nerve is damaged, smoothness of the nasolabial fold is observed?

  1. temporal
  2. zygomatic
  3. regional

 

Has a non-odontogenic etiology

  1. soft odontoma
  2. mucoepidermoid tumor
  3. cementoma
  4. follicular cyst
  5. hard odontoma

 

Test 11th

Principles of reconstructive and plastic surgery of the face and jaws. 

 

Mandatory anatomical disorders that occur with congenital incomplete cleft of the upper lip include

  1. shortening of the upper lip
  2. rhinolalia
  3. deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  4. diplopia

 

Teratogenic factors can cause the formation of cleft palate during embryogenesis

  1. 16-18 weeks
  2. first 7-8 weeks
  3. 29-3 weeks
  4. 24-28 weeks

 

The classification of congenital cleft palates adopted at the Department of DHS is based on the following signs:

  1. anatomical and clinical
  2. anatomical
  3. clinical
  4. functional
  5. anatomical, clinical and functional

 

For an isolated congenital cleft of the soft palate, the optimal period of surgical treatment for a child aged

  1. 5-6 years
  2. 4-6 months
  3. 2-3 months
  4. up to 1 year
  5. 1-2 years

When excising the frenulum of the upper lip, the indication for compactosteotomy is

  1. hypertrophy of the interdental papilla -V
  2. primary edentulous teeth 12.22
  3. diastema
  4. attachment of the frenulum of the upper lip to the apex of the alveolar process
  5. rotation of the central incisors along the axis (If Present)+

 

According to the classification of congenital clefts of the upper lip adopted at the Department of DHS, cleft upper lip is distinguished

  1. complete one-sided with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  2. full double-sided
  3. complete bilateral with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  4. hidden bilateral with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose

 

The treatment method for congenital median cyst of the neck is

  1. Surgical
  2. combined
  3. complex – surgical in combination with cryodestruction
  4. cryodestruction
  5. radiation therapy

 

According to the classification of congenital clefts of the upper lip adopted at the Department of DHS, cleft upper lip is distinguished

  1. hidden one-way
  2. complete one-sided with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  3. hidden one-sided without deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  4. hidden one-sided with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  5. complete bilateral with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose

 

A human embryo has a cleft lip as a physiological norm up to

  1. 24-28 weeks
  2. 29 weeks
  3. 6 weeks
  4. 16-18 weeks

 

According to the classification adopted at the Department of CHD, congenital cleft of the soft and hard palate is distinguished

  1. Full
  2. full one-way and two-way
  3. one-sided and two-sided
  4. two-way
  5. one-sided

 

The treatment method for congenital lateral neck cyst is

  1. complex – surgical with cryodestruction
  2. cryodestruction
  3. radiation therapy
  4. surgical

 

Medical genetic counselling is recommended for the patient’s relatives and the patient diagnosed with

  1. eruption cyst
  2. juvenile temporomandibular joint dysfunction
  3. odontogenic inflammatory cyst
  4. hidden cleft of the soft palate
  5. retention cyst of the lower lip mucosa

 

Anatomical disorders that occur with a hidden cleft lip include:

  1. upper lip lengthening
  2. speech disorder
  3. glossoptosis
  4. ankyloglossia
  5. shortening of the upper lip

 

With a complete unilateral cleft lip, there is a primary dysfunction

  1. urinary system
  2. sucking
  3. central nervous system
  4. sense of smell

 

A consequence of the high attachment of the frenulum of the lower lip may be

  1. Diastema
  2. speech defect
  3. local periodontitis
  4. flattening of the frontal part of the lower jaw

 

It is recommended that children with congenital clefts of the soft and hard palate begin orthodontic treatment

  1. no earlier than 6 years of age
  2. no earlier than 1 years
  3. over 1 years old
  4. upon completion of surgical treatment
  5. before operations

 

For speech therapy reasons, surgery for a short frenulum of the tongue should be performed at the age of the child.

  1. 4-5 years
  2. 2-3 years
  3. month
  4. year
  5. 6-7 years

 

The formation of congenital cleft of the upper lip can be caused by teratogenic factors during the period of fetal formation

  1. 6-12 weeks
  2. 3-31 weeks
  3. 29-3 weeks
  4. first six weeks

 

Surgical treatment for children with cleft soft and hard palate is indicated at age

  1. 1-2 months
  2. 7-8 years
  3. 2-4 years
  4. 2-3 months

 

According to the classification of congenital clefts of the upper lip adopted at the Department of DHS, cleft upper lip is distinguished

  1. complete one-sided with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  2. hidden one-sided without deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  3. incomplete one-sided with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  4. complete one-sided without deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose

 

Congenital cleft lip is formed in. period of human embryo development

  1. in the second half of embryogenesis
  2. 3-6 weeks
  3. 13-14 weeks
  4. 16-18 weeks
  5. 11-12 weeks

 

 

According to the classification of congenital clefts of the upper lip adopted at the Department of DHS, congenital cleft of the upper lip is distinguished

  1. complete one-sided with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  2. complete bilateral with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  3. hidden one-sided without deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  4. hidden two-way

 

In case of congenital cleft of the upper lip, corrective operations on the wings of the nose, tip of the nose, and nasal septum are recommended to be performed at an age

  1. 2-3 years
  2. up to 1 years
  3. 5-6 years
  4. 15-16 years old
  5. over 16 years old

 

The indication for deepening the shallow lower vault of the oral vestibule is

  1. size of attached gum 3-4 mm
  2. local periodontitis
  3. tortoanomaly of the central incisors
  4. the size of the attached gum is less than 3 mm

 

Teratogenic effects leading to the formation of congenital cleft palate in the fetus are

  1. spicy food
  2. overly salty food
  3. medications taken during pregnancy
  4. Excessive consumption of sugary foods by a pregnant woman

 

Surgical treatment for children with an isolated cleft of the soft palate is indicated at an age

  1. 5-6 years
  2. 4-5 years
  3. 1-2 years
  4. 6 years

 

Deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose always occurs with congenital cleft lip

  1. full one-sided
  2. incomplete bilateral
  3. incomplete, one-sided
  4. hidden one-sided

 

Underdevelopment of the auricle is a symptom

  1. birth injury of the temporomandibular joint
  2. hemifacial microsomia
  3. Pierre-Robin
  4. van der Woude syndrome
  5. Cherubism

 

Excision of the frenulum of the upper lip according to orthodontic indications is advisable to carry out at the age of the child

  1. 7-8 years
  2. 5-6 years
  3. 6-7 years
  4. 2-3 years

 

Preauricular cutaneous-cartilaginous rudiments are a symptom

  1. Goldenhar syndrome
  2. Albright’s syndrome
  3. Cherubism
  4. van der Woude syndrome

 

Medical genetic counselling is recommended for the patient’s relatives and the patient diagnosed with

  1. osteoma of the maxilla
  2. retention cyst of the sublingual salivary gland
  3. secondary deforming osteoarthritis of the temporomandibular joint
  4. incomplete cleft of the soft palate
  5. acute odontogenic periostitis of the lower jaw

 

According to the classification adopted at the Department of DHS, congenital cleft of the soft palate is distinguished

  1. incomplete one-sided
  2. hidden one-sided and two-sided
  3. incomplete bilateral
  4. hidden
  5. full one- and two-sided

 

Develops from the secondary palate

  1. upper lip
  2. alveolar ridge and hard palate
  3. alveolar ridge
  4. soft and hard palate

 

For congenital cleft lip, surgical treatment is recommended when the child is older

  1. 1-2 months
  2. 11-12 her
  3. 2-3 days
  4. 1-2 years
  5. 4-6 months

 

According to the classification adopted at the Department of DHS, cleft of the alveolar process, hard and soft palate are distinguished

  1. full one-sided and two-sided
  2. incomplete unilateral and bilateral
  3. one-sided and two-sided
  4. full and incomplete

 

For congenital cleft palate, it is recommended to start classes with a speech therapist

  1. at the age of 1 year
  2. upon completion of surgical treatment
  3. 5 years
  4. before surgery
  5. at the age of 14

 

According to the classification adopted at the Department of DHS, congenital cleft of the soft palate is distinguished

  1. incomplete unilateral and bilateral
  2. incomplete
  3. one-sided
  4. two-way

 

According to the classification adopted at the Department of CHD, congenital cleft of the soft and hard palate is distinguished

  1. one-sided
  2. incomplete unilateral and bilateral
  3. one-sided and two-sided
  4. incomplete
  5. two-way

 

According to the classification adopted at the Department of DHS, congenital cleft of the soft palate is distinguished

  1. full
  2. incomplete unilateral and bilateral
  3. full double-sided
  4. full one-way

 

Expansion of the middle pharyngeal ring occurs in congenital clefts of the hard and soft palate

  1. in children under 5 years of age
  2. Sometimes
  3. Always
  4. in boys
  5. in girls

 

Primary partial adentia is one of the symptoms congenital cleft lip

  1. hemifacial microsomia
  2. Pierre-Robin syndrome
  3. ectodermal dysplasi
  4. van der Woude syndrome

 

 

According to the classification adopted at the Department of CHD, congenital cleft of the soft and hard palate is distinguished

  1. hidden one-sided and two-sided
  2. hidden
  3. one-sided
  4. two-way

 

The size of the attached gum in the area of the lower arch of the vestibule of the mouth is normally (mm)

  1. more than 7.0
  2. 5-2.0
  3. 0-3.0
  4. 0-6.0
  5. 15

 

Regardless of the type of congenital cleft of the soft and hard palate, dysfunction is obligatory

  1. sucking
  2. speeches
  3. urination
  4. meals

 

The classification of congenital clefts of the upper lip, adopted at the Department of DHS, is based on the following signs:

  1. anatomical, functional and clinical
  2. anatomical
  3. clinical and anatomical
  4. anatomical and functional
  5. functional
  6. clinical, anatomical, functional and morphological

 

From the primordial palate is formed

  1. middle part of the upper lip and incisor bone
  2. upper lip and alveolar process of the maxilla
  3. upper lip
  4. solid sky

 

Anatomical disorders that occur with a complete cleft lip include:

  1. sucking disorder
  2. hemiatrophy of the face
  3. rhinolalia
  4. glossoptosis
  5. deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose

 

The human embryo has a cleft palate as a physiological norm up to

  1. 24-28 weeks
  2. 16-18 weeks
  3. 6 weeks
  4. 29-30 weeks

 

Localized parodeititis is an indication for surgical correction of the tongue frenulum in children.

  1. any, with a formed permanent bite
  2. 5-6 years
  3. 7-8 years
  4. up to 5 years

 

Surgical treatment for children with unilateral cleft of the alveolar ridge, hard and soft palate is recommended

  1. at 5-6 years old
  2. at 1-2 years
  3. radical at 7-8 years
  4. at 3-4 years
  5. three-stage at 2-3 years, 3-5 years, 8-10 years

 

The indication for removal of a supernumerary impacted tooth is

  1. tortoanomaly of this tooth
  2. retention or dystopia of complete teeth
  3. its formed root
  4. its discovery

 

The anatomical disorder that occurs with any type of congenital cleft palate is

  1. shortening of the soft palate
  2. elongation of the soft palate
  3. narrowing of the middle part of the pharynx
  4. dilatation of the middle part of the pharynx
  5. hypertrophy of the palatine tonsils

 

According to the classification of congenital clefts of the upper lip adopted at the Department of DHS, cleft upper lip is distinguished

  1. full double-sided
  2. complete one-sided with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  3. complete bilateral with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  4. hidden bilateral with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose

 

According to the classification of congenital clefts of the upper lip adopted at the Department of DHS, cleft upper lip is distinguished

  1. incomplete one-sided without deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  2. complete one-sided with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  3. hidden one-sided with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose
  4. complete bilateral with deformation of the skin-cartilaginous part of the nose

 

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