Pathophysiology Module 4 Mcqs

Pathophysiology Module 4 Mcqs

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1. Stages of compensatory hyperfunction of the myocardium are:

 
 
 
 

2. The causes promoting a decrease of glomerular filtration include all of the following, except:

 
 
 
 

3. Which is the first organ to be affected in left ventricular failure?

 
 
 
 

4. Most common cause of mitral valve disease is:

 
 
 
 

5. Stages of acute renal failure include all of the following , except:

 
 
 
 
 

6. The cause of concentric type of myocardial remodeling is:

 
 
 
 

7. Indicators which characterize disorders of glomerular filtration are all listed, Except:

 
 
 
 
 

8. Classification of reparatory failure includes :

 
 
 
 

9. The complications of gallstones include all of the following, except:

 
 
 
 

10. Nephrotic syndrome is characterized by all the signs, except:

 
 
 
 
 

11. Myocardial remodeling is characterized by:

 
 
 

12. All of the following are risk factors of ischemic heart, except:

 
 
 
 
 

13. The main stimulus of hypertrophic response of cardiomyocytes during remodeling is:

 

 
 

14. Cause of dark color of urine in hemolytic jaundice is:

 
 
 
 

15. All of following are symptoms of portal hypertension, except:

 
 
 
 
 

16. All of the following are signs of the right ventricular failure, except:

 
 
 
 

17. All of the following are initial factors of myocardial remodeling, except:

 
 
 
 

18. A patient with nephritic syndrome will not have:

 
 
 
 

19. Most common sites of arterial embolization?

 
 
 
 

20. Cause of dark color of urine in obstructive jaundice is:

 
 
 
 

21. Cholemia is characterized by the following symptoms, except:

 
 
 
 
 
 

22. The main manifestation of acute left ventricular heart failure is:

 
 
 

23. Signs of hemolytic jaundice are:

 
 
 
 
 

24. Factors involved in the development of gastric and duodenal ulcer all listed, except:

 
 
 
 

25. Concentric type of myocardial remodeling is a result of:

 
 
 
 

26. Types of intestinal obstruction include all of the following, except:

 
 
 
 
 

27. Condition which can present both as nephrotic syndrome and nephritic syndrome is:

 
 
 
 

28. Cause of inspiratory dyspnea is:

 
 
 
 

29. The development of gastric ulcer is associated with all these factors, except:

 
 
 
 
 

30. The main manifestation of right ventricular heart failure is:

 
 
 

31. Endogenous causes of chronic gastritis are all listed, except:

 
 
 
 
 

32. Tubular proteinuria is observed in all these forms of pathology, except:

 
 
 
 
 

33. Anti-parietal cell antibodies are found in patients with?

 
 
 
 

34. Chronic renal failure with severe decrease of glomerular filtration rate (less than 25 ml/min) leads to development of:

 
 
 

35. Which of the following is not a function of liver?

 
 
 
 

36. Acholia is characterized by following disorders, Except:

 
 
 
 
 
 

37. All of the following are causes of eccentric type of myocardial remodeling, except:

 
 
 
 

38. Chronic gastritis «A» is characterized by all the listed signs, except:

 
 
 
 
 

39. The dynamic indicator of bronchial obstruction is:

 
 
 
 
 

40. The mechanism underlying in a basis of diastolic dysfunction of the myocardium is:

 
 

41. The type of respiratory disorder in pneumonia is:

 
 
 

42. Chronic liver failure is characterized by the following changes in the protein composition of the blood, except:

 
 
 
 

43. The first symptom of diabetic nephropathy is:

 
 
 
 

44. The pathological condition which is characterized by polypnea is:

 
 
 
 

45. Presence of urobilinogen is not sign of:

 
 
 

46. Long-term compensatory mechanism of cardiac failure is:

 
 
 

47. Hemorrhagic diathesis in liver pathology is caused by the following mechanisms, except:

 
 
 
 

48. Manifestations of heart failure are all listed, except:

 
 
 
 
 

49. All of the following are symptoms of cholemia, except:

 
 
 
 
 

50. Pathology which leads to disorder of ventilation of the restrictive type is:

 
 
 
 

51. Stages of chronic renal failure include:

 
 
 
 
 
 

52. The urgent compensatory mechanism of cardiac failure is:

 
 
 

53. Concentric hypertrophy of heart is caused by:

 
 
 
 

54. Most common site of venous thrombosis?

 
 
 
 

55. The main factors, contributing to the transition stage of stable hyperfunction into stage of dis adaptation, include all listed, except:

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

56. Intestinal toxicosis is characterized by all signs, except:

 
 
 
 
 

57. Reperfusion syndrome in myocardial ischemia is associated with:

 
 
 
 

58. Duodenal ulcer is most commonly caused by:

 
 
 
 

59. All of the following are syndromes of liver failure, except:

 
 
 
 
 

60. Stages of ischemic heart disease includes all of the following, except:

 
 
 
 
 

61. Eccentric hypertrophy of heart is caused by:

 
 
 

62. White blood cast is seen in?

 
 
 
 

63. The basis of long-term adaptation during compensatory hyperfunction of the myocardium is:

 
 
 

64. Mechanisms of ascites in liver cirrhosis include all of the following, except:

 
 
 
 

65. Hyperchlorhydria and increased secretory function of the gastric glands are characterized by all these signs, except:

 
 
 
 

66. An increased incidence of pancreatitis is associated with all of the following, except?

 
 
 
 

67. Red blood cast is seen in?

 
 
 
 

68. Indicators of renal tubules dysfunction are all listed, except:

 
 
 
 

69. Stenosis of the upper respiratory tracts is characterized by:

 
 
 

70. The cause of obstructive jaundice is:

 
 
 
 

71. All of the following are factors of hepatic encephalopathy, except:

 
 
 
 

72. The most serious electrolyte complication of oliguric stage renal failure is:

 
 
 

73. Salt-losing nephropathy is:

 
 
 
 

74. Emphysema is associated with deficiency of which of the following:

 
 
 
 

75. Compensatory hyperfunction of myocardium during physical activity is not
characterized by:

 
 
 
 
 

76. Pathology which leads to disorder of ventilation of the obstructive type is:

 
 
 
 

77. All are true for nephrotic syndrome, except:

 
 
 
 
 

78. Remodeling elements include all of the following, except:

 
 
 
 
 
 

79. The main stimulus of growth of the connective tissue during remodeling is:

 
 

80. Types of cardiogenic shock are:

 
 
 
 
 
 

81. Liver failure includes the following syndromes, except:

 

 
 
 
 
 

82. The main mechanisms of respiratory failure are:

 
 
 
 


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